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urban ecology

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Chicago School

Chicago School  

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A name applied to sociologists at the University of Chicago's Department of Sociology in the first half of the 20th century (especially the 1920s and 1930s), whose pioneering and often qualitative ...
community studies

community studies  

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The ambiguities of the term community make any wholly coherent sociological definition of communities, and hence the scope and limits for their empirical study, impossible to achieve. In practice, ...
concentric zone theory

concentric zone theory  

R. Park and E. Burgess (1925) suggested that the struggle for scarce urban resources, especially land, led to competition for land and resources, which ultimately led to the spatial differentiation ...
ecological competition

ecological competition  

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A term derived from the biological sciences to denote the process of interaction between social groups, each seeking to gain access to a limited supply of the necessities of life, such as living ...
ecological invasion

ecological invasion  

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A term referring to the process by which social groups or activities which are better adapted to a given environment than are its existing inhabitants or activities enter and eventually dominate it. ...
ecological succession

ecological succession  

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A term used in urban ecology, denoting the replacement of one dominant group or activity by another, following an invasion of the territory of the latter by the former. See also concentric zone ...
human ecology

human ecology  

An approach whereby the human social system and the ecosystem of the planet are seen as a mesh of reinforcing connections, each influencing and being influenced by the others. See G. G. Marten (2001).
invasion and succession

invasion and succession  

1 A model of change used in urban ecology to represent the effects of immigration on the social structure of an urban area. Invasion and succession involve a chain reaction, with each preceding ...
invasion-succession model

invasion-succession model  

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A theoretical construct, setting out the sequence of competitive social actions by which a human group or social activity comes to occupy and dominate a territory, formerly dominated by another group ...
urban sociology

urban sociology  

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Sociological concern with urbanization began with sociology itself, for it was the rapidly growing 19th-century industrial cities that first supported those social relationships and structures which ...

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