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A. A. M. (Alexander Alphonse Marius) Stols

A. A. M. (Alexander Alphonse Marius) Stols  

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 (1900–1973) Dutch publisher.A major representative of the new Dutch typographic style, Stols combined his commercial publishing activities with fine printing at his private Halcyon Press. He was a ...
Abkhazia

Abkhazia  

A Caucasian territory which was part of the Soviet Union as an Autonomous Soviet Republic within Georgia. In April 1991 it became part of the independent Republic of Georgia, against the will of the ...
Adlai Stevenson

Adlai Stevenson  

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(b. Los Angeles, 5 Feb. 1900; d. London, 14 July 1965)US; Governor of Illinois 1949–53, Democratic presidential candidate 1952, 1956 Stevenson took a BA at Princeton University and an LL B at ...
Aḥmad Bābā Library

Aḥmad Bābā Library  

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A major public repository of Islamic MSS in Timbuktu, Mali. It has collected more than 18,000 MSS, mainly in Arabic, from the private libraries that form the area’s rich literary ...
Alexandrina, Bibliotheca

Alexandrina, Bibliotheca  

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New library in Alexandria, Egypt, opened in 2002. Built, with UNESCO involvement, to evoke the ancient Alexandrian Library, it occupies a dramatic dish-shaped building near the Eastern Harbour. It ...
American Samoa

American Samoa  

This eastern part of the Pacific islands of Samoa came under US control in 1899. Under the formal government of the US navy, it remained effectively governed by Samoan chiefs, who rejected ...
Andrei Yanuarovich Vyshinsky

Andrei Yanuarovich Vyshinsky  

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(b. Odessa, 11 Dec. 1883; d. New York, 22 Nov. 1954)Russian; Chief Procurator of the USSR 1935–9, Minister of Foreign Affairs 1949–53 Vyshinsky was of Polish extraction, the son of middle-class ...
Angola

Angola  

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Angola's economy is growing thanks to oil exports but the country still faces a long period of post-war reconstruction.Angola has a dry coastal plain which is at its broadest in the north where it ...
Art and Images

Art and Images  

The European Court of Human Rights has declared that “those who create, perform, distribute or exhibit works of art contribute to the exchange of ideas and opinions which is essential ...
Aung San Suu Kyi

Aung San Suu Kyi  

(1945– )Burmese political activist, leader of the democratic opposition to army dictatorship in Myanmar (Burma) and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991.The daughter of Aung San, leader of the ...
Bahrain

Bahrain  

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History
Bahrain is dominated by its constitutional monarch but tensions are risingThe state of Bahrain consists of around 30 islands in the Persian Gulf. Bahrain island itself, which has more than 85% of the ...
Balthazar Johannes Vorster

Balthazar Johannes Vorster  

(b. 13 Dec. 1915, d. 10 Sept. 1983).Prime Minister of South Africa 1966–78; President 1978–9Early careerBorn in Jamestown, he studied at Stellenbosch, where he attended Verwoerd's lectures on ...
Bernadotte, Folke, Count

Bernadotte, Folke, Count  

(b. 2 Jan. 1895, d. 17 Sept. 1948).Swedish international mediator Born in Stockholm, the nephew of King Gustav V of Sweden, he was involved in work for humanitarian causes for most of his life, ...
Binyamin Netanyahu

Binyamin Netanyahu  

(1949– )Israeli diplomat and politician, prime minister of Israel (1996–99).Born in Tel Aviv, Netanyahu was largely brought up and educated in the USA, acquiring a command of English and a deep ...
Bosnian Crisis

Bosnian Crisis  

In the 1990s, the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia led to a NATO-led peacekeeping mission that was the largest military operation in Europe since World War II. After ethnic Serbs ...
Brandt Report

Brandt Report  

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History
The report of an Independent Commission on International Development Issues, chaired by Willy Brandt, former German Chancellor. The report, on steps to promote North–South cooperation, was published ...
Bronfenbrenner's Mirror Image Perception

Bronfenbrenner's Mirror Image Perception  

Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917–2005) was co-founder of the Head Start program for children in the United States and the Jacob Gould Schurman Professor Emeritus of Human Development and Psychology at ...
Burundi

Burundi  

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History
After decades of ethnic violence Burundi faces many years of rebuildingThe west of Burundi lies along the Great Rift Valley, with Lake Tanganyika forming the southern two-thirds of the border. To the ...
Cameroon

Cameroon  

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Most people have seen little benefit from the exploitation of natural resourcesCameroon can be divided into four main regions. First, there is a coastal belt with mangrove forests and swamps that ...
Chaim Weizmann

Chaim Weizmann  

(b. 27 Nov. 1874, d. 9 Nov. 1952).President of Israel 1948–52 Born in Motol in Russian Poland, he received a doctorate degree at the University of Freiburg, and from 1904 lectured at the University ...

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