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Abu Hamza al- Masri

Abu Hamza al- Masri  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Abu Hamza al-Masri (b. 1958)was born Mustafa Kamel Mustafa in Alexandria, the son of a naval officer. Abu Hamza left for England in 1979 and married an English woman. After ...
Acts of Union

Acts of Union  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Laws that cemented the political union of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the complete subjugation of Wales by 1284, the Statute of Rhuddlan, never submitted to a formal Parliament, sanctioned ...
Albrecht Kesselring

Albrecht Kesselring  

(1885–1960)German air force chief and field-marshal who demonstrated great skill as an army commander in World War II, particularly during the defensive campaign in Italy.Commissioned in the Bavarian ...
Argentina

Argentina  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Painful economic reforms have stimulated rapid economic growth, but economic and social stability remain elusiveTo the west, Argentina is bounded by the southernmost section of the Andes, but most of ...
asylum

asylum  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Safe haven and protection from persecution, particularly for a refugee.
awards

awards  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In most countries distinguished dance artists are honoured by national awards and decorations. For example, in Britain Ashton was appointed to the Order of Merit in 1977 and in the USSR Ulanova was ...
barbarian

barbarian  

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Overview Page
While we associate Classical culture primarily with emphasis on citizenship (membership of a polis), Classical Greek literature also assigns considerable importance to defining a common Greek ...
bill of Rights

bill of Rights  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A statement of the privileges, immunities, and authorities to act that may be legally and morally claimed by the citizens of a state within the bounds of reason, truth, and the accepted standards of ...
bombing offensives

bombing offensives  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Attacks by bomber aircraft on military and civilian targets. As part of his Blitzkrieg tactics, Hitler deployed dive-bombers in the offensives in Poland (1939) and western Europe (1940). In August ...
Boy's Own Magazine

Boy's Own Magazine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Founded by publisher Samuel Beeton as an alternative to cheap popular fiction, The Boy's Own Magazine ran from 1855 to 1874. First sold for twopence weekly, it changed to sixpence ...
Boy's Own Paper

Boy's Own Paper  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The British boys' magazine was published from 1879 to 1967. Troubled by the growth of cheap, sensationalist magazines, known as “penny dreadfuls,” the Religious Tract Society decided to publish its ...
Brenda

Brenda  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
pseud.:(1845–1933) married (1875) Castle Smith (1849–1936) and later used the surname Castle Smith.Daughter and wife of London solicitors, Georgina Castle Smith was a prolific author of children's ...
British Isles

British Isles  

The topography of the British Isles is varied but never extreme. The mountain ranges, although they may be vital ingredients in fine landscape, rise to no very dramatic peaks—Ben Nevis ...
Buddhist Society

Buddhist Society  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Buddhist Society of Great Britain and Ireland with its headquarters in London is the oldest Buddhist organisation in Europe. The Society was founded in 1907 under the presidency of T. W. Rhys ...
Cabinet Government

Cabinet Government  

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Overview Page
In its origins, cabinet government is an English concept, denoting government by a small collective decision-making body, answerable for its actions to—and, often, formally removable from office ...
Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(CND)A British pressure group pledged to nuclear disarmament and to the abandonment of British nuclear weapons. CND was created in 1958 with the philosopher Bertrand Russell as President. Frustration ...
capital gains tax

capital gains tax  

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Overview Page
(CGT).The tax imposed on profits made from realized purchases and sales of capital assets (cf. capital gain). Sometimes the gain can be adjusted for changes in the nominal value ...
cartulary

cartulary  

Reference type:
Overview Page
[Ge]A medieval document comprising a collection of charters and other deeds gathered together and copied into book form as a convenient archive. Many surviving examples relate to ecclesiastical ...
Catholic emancipation

Catholic emancipation  

Was achieved by an Act of Parliament of 1829, enabling Roman catholics in Britain to participate fully in public life by abolishing the Test and Corporation Acts. O'Connell's electoral success in the ...
Catholic Emancipation Act

Catholic Emancipation Act  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1829)Roman Catholics were prohibited from membership of the House of Commons, even after the inclusion of Ireland in the United Kingdom in 1801. The election of Daniel O’Connell for Clare, in 1828, ...

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