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United Arab Republic

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Arab Federation

Arab Federation  

A political federation between the Hashemite Kingdoms of Jordan and Iraq, founded on 14 February 1958 in response to the formation of the aggressively pan-Arab United Arab Republic. The relatively ...
Ba'athism

Ba'athism  

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Refers to the political philosophy of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (hizb al‐ba'ath al‐arabi al‐ishtiraki). This party is the result of the 1952 merger of two parties—the Arab Ba'ath Party founded ...
Egypt

Egypt  

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History
Egypt, the largest Arab country, has made little progress towards democracyEgypt's vast territory consists of two main desert areas separated by the fertile Nile Valley. The western desert occupies ...
Faisal II

Faisal II  

(b. 2 May 1935, d. 14 July 1958).King of Iraq 1939–58 The grandson of Faisal I, he succeeded his father, King Ghazi, at the age of 4, though he did not take up formal power from his regent, Abd ...
Gamal Abdel Nasser

Gamal Abdel Nasser  

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(1918–70)Egyptian colonel and statesman, Prime Minister (1954–56) and President (1956–70). He was the leader of a successful military coup to depose King Farouk in 1952, after which a republic was ...
Iraq

Iraq  

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History
Post-war Iraq descended into chaos but has now achieved a degree of political stabilityThe heart of Iraq, forming around one-third of the territory, is the alluvial and often marshy basin of the ...
Syria

Syria  

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History
After several years of retreat Syria is again a major player in Middle East politicsSyria has three main regions. One is a narrow fertile coastal strip that has year-round supplies of water. To the ...

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