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Union, Act of (Wales)

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Andrew Fletcher

Andrew Fletcher  

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Philosophy
(1655–1716).Politician. Fletcher of Saltoun was taught by Gilbert Burnet, who later described him as ‘a most violent republican and extremely passionate’. He represented East Lothian at the ...
Bank of England

Bank of England  

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The central bank of the UK. It was established in 1694 as a private bank by London merchants in order to lend money to the state and to deal with the national debt. It came under public ownership in ...
Breconshire

Breconshire  

Border county of south Wales taking its name from the Welsh kingdom of Brycheiniog. Its Norman successor was the lordship of Brecon. At the Act of Union with England in 1536 the lordships of Brecon ...
Caernarfonshire

Caernarfonshire  

County of north Wales. It was part of the tribal territory of the Celtic Venedotae, later the Welsh kingdom of Gwynedd. ‘Arfon’ is the land over against Môn (Anglesey) and the county's name is ...
Campbell family

Campbell family  

Originating in Argyll, the Campbells first came to prominence under Robert I (1306–29), already aiding the crown against other Highland families. From 1457, led by the Campbell earls of Argyll ...
Cardiganshire

Cardiganshire  

A west‐coast county of Wales bordering the Irish Sea. In 1974 it became the district of Ceredigion in the county of Dyfed, but in 1996 was reconstituted as a county, retaining the name Ceredigion. ...
Carmarthenshire

Carmarthenshire  

County of south‐west Wales. It was part of the early Welsh kingdom of Dyfed and its core became the heart of the later kingdom of Deheubarth. At the Norman Conquest, a royal lordship was created ...
Charles Cornwallis

Charles Cornwallis  

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History
(1738–1805) commanding general of British forces in the southern campaign in the Revolutionary War, born in London. He was the 2nd earl Cornwallis, later marquis. In the Revolutionary War, Cornwallis ...
clerk register

clerk register  

(Scotland).First seen in 1286 (as clerk of the rolls), the office entailed custodianship of the records of crown charters, the Exchequer, and Parliament. The clerk register initially wrote the ...
Convention of royal burghs

Convention of royal burghs  

Meetings of the royal burghs in Scotland went back to the 14th cent. and in 1487 a statute authorized annual sessions. The conventions were in addition to the representation of the burghs in the ...
Court of Session

Court of Session  

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Law
A Scottish court corresponding to the Supreme Court of Judicature in England and Wales. It consists of an Outer House (corresponding to the High Court) and an Inner House (corresponding to the Court ...
customs and excise

customs and excise  

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Subject:
History
Duties charged on goods (both home-produced and imported) to raise revenue for governments. In England customs date from the reign of Edward I, when duties were raised on wool and leather. Tunnage ...
Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe  

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Subject:
Literature
(1660–1731),born in London, the son of James Foe, a butcher. He changed his name to Defoe from c.1695. He attended Morton's academy for Dissenters at Newington Green with a view to the ministry, but ...
Darien venture

Darien venture  

Previous Scottish attempts to establish colonies had been small scale, but the Company of Scotland, established in 1695, had grand ideas. It aimed at raising £400,000—perhaps half the capital in ...
Denbighshire

Denbighshire  

A county of north‐east Wales created in 1536 at the Act of Union with England. Its core was Perfeddwlad, east of the Conwy, together with Dyffryn Clwyd. These, after the Norman Conquest, constituted ...
Dyfed

Dyfed  

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Religion
The land of the Demetae people at the time of the Roman invasions. The kingdom may have been founded by Irish immigrants, the Deisi, in post‐Roman times; its royal dynasty lasted until Llywarch ap ...
Flintshire

Flintshire  

County of north‐east Wales lying along the estuary of the river Dee. The shire was created at the statute of Rhuddlan in 1284 and was coincident with the Welsh cantref (hundred) of Tregeingl. It was ...
Glamorgan

Glamorgan  

County of south Wales. It was part of the Welsh kingdom of Glywysing, but in the 10th cent., under Morgan Hen, became known as Gwlad Morgan. Under the Normans it was converted to the lordship of ...
Glasgow

Glasgow  

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Subject:
Literature
An ancient burgh (1175–8), first developed as an ecclesiastical centre on a hill near the cathedral. Having a grammar school from the early 14th cent., in 1451 the burgh acquired its university by ...
great seal

great seal  

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A seal depicting the sovereign on horseback on one side and enthroned on the other, which was used to authenticate important documents issued by the Crown.

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