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typeface

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Adrian Frutiger

Adrian Frutiger  

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 (1928– ) Swiss type designer.He worked mostly in Paris, first for Deberny & Peignot on typefaces for the Lumitype machine—notably, Méridien (1955) and the widely used Univers sans serif (1957). ...
Akke Kumlien

Akke Kumlien  

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 (1884–1949) Swedish book designer, calligrapher, and type designer.Working for the publishers P. A. Norstedt & Söner from 1916, he introduced French-inspired typography and made his mark as ...
American Type Founders Co.

American Type Founders Co.  

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In response to competition from Linotype and Monotype and their hot-metal composition methods, 23 typefoundries established the American Type Founders Co. in 1892. It acquired rights to a large ...
Association Typographique Internationale

Association Typographique Internationale  

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(ATypI)Association for type designers and manufacturers, founded in 1957. The first members were drawn from several type foundries, and intended to agree upon a common procedure for licensing ...
baseline

baseline  

The line on which the letters of a text rest. Some letters, for example g, have portions known as descenders which fall below the baseline.
Bauersche Giesserei

Bauersche Giesserei  

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Frankfurt typefoundry established by Johann Christian Bauer (1802–67), who learnt punchcutting in Frankfurt, and returned there after eight years in Edinburgh (1839–47). Owned by the Hartmann family ...
Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue

Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue  

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 (1869–1924) US architect and book designer.His earliest work was in Boston (1892–1903) with Ralph Adams Cram. Goodhue excelled in architectural ornament and was a draughtsman of legendary gifts; his ...
bibliographical description

bibliographical description  

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The description and analysis of the physical characteristics of books. It uses an agreed form of notation, intended to distinguish between issues and variants of an edition, to explain and ...
Bibliopolis

Bibliopolis  

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Electronic national history of the printed book in The Netherlands, a scholarly, interactive online information system (see world wide web). Bibliopolis offers integrated access to various ...
body type

body type  

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Media studies
(somatotype) the characteristic anatomical appearance of an individual, based on the predominance of the structures derived from the three germ layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm). The three types ...
bold face

bold face  

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A heavier form of the standard version of a typeface, having thicker strokes.
Bram de Does

Bram de Does  

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 (1934– ) Dutch type and book designer.Working in his father’s Amsterdam printing office (1952–3) after rejecting study at a music conservatory, he became fascinated by type, studied design, and ...
Bruce Rogers

Bruce Rogers  

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 (1870–1957) American book designer.Born in Indiana, he worked for Boston’s Riverside Press, where he oversaw a number of fine editions, notably the Essays of Montaigne (1902–4) and the Songs ...
calligraphy

calligraphy  

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1. Decorative handwritten lettering.2. The art of fine handwriting.3. Calligraphic type: any typefaces designed to resemble handwriting.
Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press  

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Books were first printed at Cambridge in 1521–2 by John Siberch (John Lair of Siegburg), a friend of Erasmus. A charter was granted to the University by Henry VIII in 1534 authorizing the printing of ...
Colm Ó Lochlainn

Colm Ó Lochlainn  

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 (1892–1972) Irish printer, type designer, publisher, and bibliographer.Printing from 1916, he had established a publishing house, The Sign of the Three Candles, by 1926. He designed ‘Colmcille’, an ...
commutation test

commutation test  

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Media studies
(semiotics) A structuralist analytical technique used in the paradigmatic analysis of a text to determine whether a change on the level of the signifier leads to a change on the level of the ...
copperplate

copperplate  

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A style of calligraphic script of rounded, cursive letters. This round hand developed in the 18th century in imitation of the copper-plate engravings of handwriting models in books by ...
digital type design

digital type design  

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The process of designing or adapting typefaces for use with photocomposing machines or imagesetters using digital or numerical founts. The designers of some early digital typefaces (M. Carter with ...
display type

display type  

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Media studies
*Typeface(s) used for display text, which in a particular document may differ from the font used for the main body text. A font size larger than that of the body type is normally used, with relative ...

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