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Pierre Trudeau

(1919—2000) Canadian Liberal statesman

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Asbestos strike

Asbestos strike  

This strike, surely Quebec's best-known labour conflict, gave rise to numerous studies, including a book edited by Pierre Elliott Trudeau. This volume was the source of the common interpretation that ...
Assembly of First Nations

Assembly of First Nations  

Founded between 1980 and 1982 as part of the swirl of events surrounding the push by the federal government to patriate Canada's constitution, the afn is a recent manifestation of ...
Bloc Québécois

Bloc Québécois  

(BQ)(Canada)A party founded by Bouchard in 1990 to represent the Quebec separatist movement in the federal parliament. Supported by the Parti Québécois (PQ), it gained 54 seats in the 1993 elections. ...
Canada

Canada  

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An increasingly multicultural population largely free from racial tensionCanada is, after Russia, the world's second largest country, though much is barren and sparsely populated. The more remote ...
canoeing

canoeing  

Millions of Canadians participate in recreational paddling. This might involve a weekend camping trip or a longer venture through one of the country's wilderness parks. A small but highly dedicated ...
Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Charter of Rights and Freedoms  

The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, applicable to federal and provincial governments, and entrenched in the constitution in 1982, built on and departed from the 1960 Canadian Bill of ...
Cité libre

Cité libre  

The magazine first appeared one year after the infamous Asbestos strike, a landmark in the evolution of Quebec society. Some leading figures in that event played a central role at ...
community of communities

community of communities  

One of the slogans of Joe Clark's successful campaign for the prime minister's office in 1979. Extensive polling had indicated that the Progressive Conservatives needed to develop an aura of ...
compact theory of Confederation

compact theory of Confederation  

The idea that the founding of the Dominion of Canada expressed a compact between certain parties, who consequently possess certain rights under the Canadian constitution. In some versions, ...
Conservative Party, Canada

Conservative Party, Canada  

Early history (up to 1920)The Conservative Party emerged from the Liberal‐Conservative government in Upper Canada of Sir John A. Macdonald (b. 1815, d. 1891) in 1854. After the creation of the ...
divorce

divorce  

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History
The legal termination of a marriage and the obligations created by marriage, other than by a decree of nullity or presumption of death.
Expo 67

Expo 67  

The centerpiece of centennial celebrations, Expo was intended to promote national unity and garner international status. Canada was awarded the world exhibition only after the Soviet Union backed out ...
foreign aid

foreign aid  

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The transfer of state resources through loans, grants, or provision of goods, from more to less developed countries, for development or emergency relief purposes. This can be done on a bilateral ...
French–English relations

French–English relations  

A distinctive feature of French–English relations in Canada has been the collective will of the French-speaking minority to survive. Survivance has not always been easy and is still not assured. ...
Front de Libération du Québec

Front de Libération du Québec  

A terrorist organization founded in 1963 with the aim of realizing independence for the Canadian province of Quebec. It caused over 200 bombings (1963–70), but split into two groups in 1969, ...
Hawthorn Report

Hawthorn Report  

A Survey of the Contemporary Indians of Canada: Economic, Political, Educational Needs and Policies (2 vols, Ottawa 1966–7), edited by Harry B. Hawthorn, was undertaken following a 1964 request by ...
Jean Chrétien

Jean Chrétien  

(b. 11 Jan. 1934).Prime Minister of Canada 1993–2003Early careerBorn at Shawinigan, Quebec, he studied law at Laval University and was admitted to the Quebec Bar in 1958. He became a member of the ...
Jeanne Sauvé

Jeanne Sauvé  

(b. 26 Apr. 1922, d. 26 Jan. 1993).Canadian Governor-General 1984–90 Born at Prud'homme (Saskatchewan), she studied at the Universities of Ottawa and Paris and began a career in journalism, becoming ...
Joe Clark

Joe Clark  

1939– )Canadian statesman; leader of the Progressive Conservative Party (1976–83) and prime minister (1979–80).Clark was born in High River, Alberta, the son of a local newspaper publisher. He ...
John Napier Turner

John Napier Turner  

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(1929– )Canadian Liberal politician, Prime Minister for four months in 1984. Turner succeeded Trudeau as Prime Minister but was defeated in the subsequent general election.

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