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acclamation

acclamation  

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Vocal expressions of approval and good wishes in ritual form were an important part of Roman life, both private (e.g. at weddings) and public (for actors and the presiding magistrate at public ...
Albanus mons

Albanus mons  

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The Alban hills and more specifically their dominating peak, 21km. (13 mi.) SE of Rome. Until c.1150 bc the Albanus mons was an active volcano; the volcano, however, has been inactive in historical ...
aurum coronarium

aurum coronarium  

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Gold crowns were offered to rulers and conquerors in the ancient near east and in the Hellenistic world. Similar offerings were made from the early 2nd cent. bc to Roman generals and rapidly came to ...
Baebius Tamphilus, Marcus

Baebius Tamphilus, Marcus  

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(RE 1, 16, 44)was praetor 192 bc, when he took an advance force to Greece shortly before the invasion by Antiochus (3) III. In 191 he conducted operations in ...
Campus Martius

Campus Martius  

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In ancient Rome, a park and recreation ground (the ‘field of Mars’) outside the city walls which was where the Roman legions exercised. It was originally the site of an altar to Mars.
Capitol

Capitol  

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[Ge]The principal hill in Rome, site of the temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, that served as a citadel and religious centre.
carmina triumphalia

carmina triumphalia  

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Songs sung, in accordance with ancient custom, by soldiers at a triumph, either in praise of their victorious general or in a satiric ribaldry supposed to avert the evil eye from him.[...]
Cato the Elder

Cato the Elder  

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‘Cato the Censor’ (234–149bc) (‘Censorius’) was a dominant figure in both the political and the cultural life of Rome in the first half of the 2nd cent. bc. A novus homo (roughly, the first man in ...
ceremony

ceremony  

(in relation to organizational culture) are extravagant, occasional events designed to celebrate the achievements of the organization and its members, and reinforce the values and beliefs.
chariot racing

chariot racing  

A form of horse racing immensely popular in the ancient civilizations of Greece, Rome, and Byzantium, with some predecessors in the privileged cultures of earlier civilizations, such as in Syria, ...
Claudius

Claudius  

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(10 bc–54 ad)Roman emperor (41–54 ad). He spent his early life engaged in historical study, prevented from entering public life by his physical infirmity; he was proclaimed emperor after the murder ...
Corippus

Corippus  

(6th century) Epic poet;composed the Iohannis describing the campaigns of Justinian’s general John Troglita (after 548), and in 566/7 an encomium celebrating the accession of Justin II and his ...
Cornelius Balbus, Lucius

Cornelius Balbus, Lucius  

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(RE 70)nephew of L. Cornelius Balbus (1) and distinguished as ‘Balbus minor’ in Cicero's letters, received the Roman citizenship with his uncle. In 49 and 48 bc he undertook ...
Cornelius Scipio Nasica, Publius

Cornelius Scipio Nasica, Publius  

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(RE 30)son of Cn. Cornelius Scipio Calvus, was chosen to receive the sacred stone of the Magna Mater on its arrival in Italy from Pessinus in 204 bc. (See ...
crown

crown  

A crown is the emblem of St Louis, St Olaf, St Wenceslas, and other royal saints.The expression the Crown is used for the reigning monarch representing a country's government, or the power or ...
De Ceremoniis

De Ceremoniis  

In full, De ceremoniis aulae byzantinae, the modern title for a 10th-C. treatise of Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos that treats court ceremony in the spirit of encyclopedism for the glorification of ...
Domitius Ahenobarbus, Gnaeus

Domitius Ahenobarbus, Gnaeus  

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(RE 20)as consul (122 bc) and proconsul (see pro consule) in Gaul (Transalpine) defeated the Allobroges and Arverni in two major battles, once with the help of Q. Fabius ...
Emperor

Emperor  

(called basileus, autokrator, also despotes), the pinnacle of Byz. political structure and society, whose extraordinary position is reflected in virtually every creation of Byz. civilization. The ...
Empire, Ideology of Roman

Empire, Ideology of Roman  

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Rome's empire began in some sense only with the city's first military successes, and developed rapidly during the republic's first three centuries (c.500–200bce). An epigraphic, not a literary, text ...
Equestrian monument

Equestrian monument  

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Inscriptions and literary sources attest to the popularity of statues of horse and rider in the Greco-Roman world, but few complete statues have survived. Indeed, the gilded bronze of the ...

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