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TripiṠaka

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Abhidharma

Abhidharma  

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Religion
(Skt.; Pāli, Abhidhamma). Term meaning ‘higher doctrine’ and denoting the scholastic analysis of religious teachings. The earliest Abhidharma material was composed over several centuries beginning ...
Abhidharma PiṠaka

Abhidharma PiṠaka  

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Religion
(Skt., basket of higher doctrine). The last of the three divisions of the corpus of Buddhist canonical literature known as the Tripiṭaka (Pāli, Tipiṭaka) or ‘three baskets’. The fact that the ...
ānimitta

ānimitta  

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Religion
(Skt., ‘signless’).In Mahāyāna Buddhism a synonym for both emptiness (śūnyatā) and the desireless (apraṇihita). In the Pāli Tripiṭaka the signless comprises one of the three entrances to liberation ...
Buddhaghoṣa

Buddhaghoṣa  

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(Pāli, Skt., ‘Buddha-voice’).Theravādin Buddhist, who was born in a brahman family at the end of the 4th cent., traditionally at Bodhgāya. He wrote commentaries on many works in the ...
Buddhism

Buddhism  

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Religion
Western term which became established in popular usage in the 1830s to refer to the teachings of the Buddha. There is no direct equivalent for this term in Sanskrit or Pāli. Instead, indigenous ...
Buddhism in Japan

Buddhism in Japan  

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Religion
The dominant religious tradition of Japan, Buddhism first entered Japan c.5th or 6th cent. ce, from the Chinese mainland (traditionally in 538 from Korea). Initially, a few powerful clans opposed ...
Buddhist Scriptures

Buddhist Scriptures  

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Religion
These are extensive and variously classified. The fundamental division is into the word of the Buddha (Skt., buddhavacana) and the authorized commentaries. The written scriptural tradition is ...
canon

canon  

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Religion
Originally (in the Roman Catholic Church), a member of certain orders of clergy that live communally according to an ecclesiastical rule in the same way as monks (also as canon regular or regular ...
Chinese TripiṠaka

Chinese TripiṠaka  

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Religion
This term can refer to any edition of the complete collection of Buddhist literature in Chinese. During the first several centuries of Buddhism in China.literature was copied by hand, making the ...
council

council  

A formal meeting of bishops and representatives of several Churches convened for the purpose of regulating doctrine or discipline. General or Oecumenical Councils are assemblies of bishops ...
Council of Kaniṣka

Council of Kaniṣka  

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Religion
Council of dubious historicity, sometimes referred to as the ‘Fourth Council’, and believed to have been held in the 1st–2nd centuries ce during the reign of the Kuṣāṇa King Kaniṣka I. The council ...
haw tai

haw tai  

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Religion
Lao term for a monastery (vihāra) building dedicated to the storage of the Tripiṭaka.
Jataka

Jataka  

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Religion
Any of the various stories of the former lives of the Buddha found in Buddhist literature. The name comes from Sanskrit jātaka ‘born under’.
Mahinda

Mahinda  

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Religion
(c.282–222 bce).monk son of Emperor Aśoka of Magadha and brother of the nun Saṇghamittā. He was ordained at the age of 20 and on the same day is said to have become an Arhat. After some years spent ...
Pali

Pali  

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Linguistics
An Indic language, closely related to Sanskrit, in which the sacred texts of southern Buddhism are written. Pali developed in northern India in the 5th–2nd centuries bc. As the language of the ...
Pāli Canon

Pāli Canon  

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Religion
The earliest collections of Buddhist authoritative texts, more usually known as Tipiṭaka (Tripiṭaka), ‘Three Baskets’, because the palm-leaf manuscripts were traditionally kept in three different ...
Pāli Text Society

Pāli Text Society  

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Religion
Society founded in England 1881 by Thomas W. Rhys Davids in order to promote the study of Pāli texts. The early activities of the Society centred around making the books of the Tripiṭaka available to ...
Parāvṛtti

Parāvṛtti  

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(Skt., parā + □vrt, ‘turn away’).A revolution, according to Buddhists, in one's understanding of reality. The term is not found in the Pāli Tripiṭaka but is used frequently in ...
Piṭaka

Piṭaka  

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Religion
(Pali, ‘basket’),gathered collection of Buddhist texts. The ‘three baskets’, i.e. Tripiṭaka, form a fundamental collection, equivalent to a canon of scriptures.
Ritsu

Ritsu  

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Religion
(Jap.; Skt., vināya).Codes of discipline which govern the Buddhist monastic life. The vinaya were compiled about 100 years after Śākyamuni Buddha's death and transmitted orally until they were put ...

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