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transcendentalism

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American Literature

American Literature  

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Overview Page
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History
This entry contains two subentries: An Overview, Sea FictionAmerican sea literature has roots in Greek, Roman, Irish, and Norse mythology, the Bible, and the English Renaissance, whenever humans have ...
American Renaissance

American Renaissance  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Seminal critical study by F. O. Matthiessen, published in 1941, analyzing Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Melville, and Whitman in their concern with the relation of the individual to society, ...
antebellum

antebellum  

Occurring or existing before a particular war, especially the American Civil War.
autobiography

autobiography  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In its modern form, may be taken as writing that purposefully and self‐consciously provides an account of the author's life and incorporates feeling and introspection as well as empirical detail. In ...
Bartleby the Scrivener: A Story of Wall Street

Bartleby the Scrivener: A Story of Wall Street  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Symbolic tale by Melville published anonymously in Putnam's Magazine (1853) and reprinted in The Piazza Tales (1856). One view is that it reflects Melville's futility at the neglect of his novels ...
Boston

Boston  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The state capital of Massachusetts, USA, on Boston Bay. Founded c.1630 as the principal settlement of the Massachusetts Bay Company, Boston was an early centre of New England Puritanism. Faneuil Hall ...
Bronson Alcott

Bronson Alcott  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1799–1888),born in Connecticut, had little formal education, and early attempted to support himself as a peddler in the Southern states and as a schoolteacher in New England and Pennsylvania ...
Charles Ives

Charles Ives  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Danbury, Conn., 20 Oct. 1874; d New York, 19 May 1954)US composer. He wrote no ballet scores but his concert music has been used several times for dance, such as Balanchine's Ivesiana (New York ...
Henry David Thoreau

Henry David Thoreau  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1817–62),American author, became a follower and friend of Emerson. He supported himself by a variety of occupations; a few of his poems were published in the Dial, but he made no money from ...
history of centres and departments of philosophy

history of centres and departments of philosophy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Philosophy is a collaborative pursuit, unlike the meditative activity of sages which is commonly conceived to flourish best in isolated or even hermetic conditions. The form of collaboration ...
Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1724–1804).German philosopher. His Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime (1764) and Critique of Judgement (1790) laid the foundations of much aesthetic theory, especially in ...
individualism

individualism  

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Overview Page
A philosophical belief and political ideology that gives primacy to the interests of the individual, rather than the interests of the community, perhaps even the family. A prevalent belief system in ...
John Ashbery

John Ashbery  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1927– ),American poet, born in New York. He graduated from Harvard in 1949, by which time he had already composed the title poem of his first volume, Song Trees, which was published in the Yale ...
Jones Very

Jones Very  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1813–80)American poet, essayist, and clergyman, born in Massachusetts. He became a friend of Ralph Waldo Emerson and published a volume of poems characterized by Christian mysticism and reflecting a ...
Kantianism

Kantianism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Covers any philosophical view which derives from, or echoes, the central tenets of Kant's critical philosophy. After the publication of the Critique of Pure Reason in 1781 that philosophy had ...
Louisa May Alcott

Louisa May Alcott  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1832–88)American author, born in Pennsylvania, the daughter of educationalist and Transcendentalist Amos Bronson Alcott (1799–1888). From an early age she published sketches, stories, etc., to help ...
Margaret Fuller

Margaret Fuller  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1810–50),American author and feminist whose name is associated with the New England Transcendentalists; she helped to found the Dial, which she edited (1840–2), and conducted a series of ...
Nathaniel Hawthorne

Nathaniel Hawthorne  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1804–64),American novelist and short story writer. His stories were collected in Twice‐Told Tales (1837), Mosses from an Old Manse (1846), and The Snow‐Image and Other Twice‐Told Tales (1851); he ...
New England

New England  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Region including the present states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, was named by Captain John Smith in his map of 1616. The harsh climate, rocky soil, ...
New England Renaissance

New England Renaissance  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Term sometimes applied to the cultural awakening of the mid-19th century aroused by Unitarianism and Transcendentalism.

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