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Accius

Accius  

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(170–c.86 bc),Roman tragic poet and literary scholar. Although of conservative political views, he believed that literary talent demanded in its context more respect than nobility of birth. He had a ...
action

action  

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The two most common meanings of action derive from Aristotle's Poetics, where tragedy is defined as ‘an imitation of an action…with persons performing the action rather than through narrative’ (see ...
Adelaide Ristori

Adelaide Ristori  

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(1822–1906), actress.The great Italian tragedienne was usually perceived as the successor to Rachel on international stages. She began the first of several American tours in 1866 as Medea, and ...
Adelchi

Adelchi  

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Literature
(1822, first performed 1843) is Alessandro Manzoni's second tragedy, and follows the same anti-classicizing criteria as Il conte di Carmagnola. Set in the 8th c. during the struggle between Franks ...
Adolf von Wilbrandt

Adolf von Wilbrandt  

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Literature
(1837–1911)German playwright and director who worked at the Burgtheater in Vienna in the 1870s and 1880s (artistic director 1881–8). He maintained the Burgtheater's tradition of performing the ...
Adriano Valerini

Adriano Valerini  

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Literature
(16th c.) was one of the earliest known professional actors, taking the mask of the lover, Aurelio: he formed his own company, the Uniti, but retired from the stage in ...
Aeschylus

Aeschylus  

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Athenian tragic poet (?525/4–456/5 bc). He fought in the battle of Marathon. His first tragic production was in 499, his first victory in 484. He gained thirteen victories altogether. His epitaph ...
afterpiece

afterpiece  

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A short opera or pantomime given after the performance of a play or other major dramatic work; the genre was popular in England in the 18th and early 19th centuries.[...]
Agathon

Agathon  

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Of Athens was the most celebrated tragic poet after the three great masters. (See tragedy, greek.) He won his first victory in 416 bc, and the occasion of Plato's Symposium is a party at his house in ...
agon

agon  

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Greek word meaning ‘contest’, used to define the conflict which lies at the heart of Greek tragedy, transmuted into a clash between two principal characters, sometimes with a hint of ...
Albertino Mussato

Albertino Mussato  

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Literature
(1261–1329).The best known of the Paduan circle of pre-humanist scholars and a friend and pupil of Lovato Lovati. He was a notary, and played an active role in the ...
Aleksandr Sumarokov

Aleksandr Sumarokov  

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(1717–77)Russian writer. The first to break with the tradition of church Slavonic, Sumarokov laid the foundations of a European Russian culture founded on French neoclassicism. The first writer of ...
Alessandro Manzoni

Alessandro Manzoni  

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Literature
Title sometimes given to Verdi's Requiem, which was comp. in memory of It. novelist and poet Alessandro Manzoni (1785–1873). F.p. Milan 1874, London 1875.
Alessandro Pepoli, Count

Alessandro Pepoli, Count  

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Literature
(1752–96).Venetian dramatist. A self-styled champion of liberty, he systematically sought to outdo Alfieri in his numerous tragedies—often on subjects Alfieri had already treated—and in his ...
Alexander Pushkin

Alexander Pushkin  

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Literature
(1799–1837),Russia's greatest poet, whose works include lyric poems, Byronic verse narratives, prose stories, historical dramas, and the great political poem The Bronze Horseman (1833). His novel in ...
Alexandre Hardy

Alexandre Hardy  

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Literature
(c.1575–c.1631),the first professional French playwright, attached to the company under Valleran-Lecomte which settled at the Hôtel de Bourgogne, where his plays, of which about 40 survive from a ...
alexandrine

alexandrine  

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Literature
An iambic line of twelve syllables or six feet. The term comes (in the late 16th century) from French, from Alexandre (see Alexander1), the subject of an Old French poem in this metre.
Alfonso Sastre

Alfonso Sastre  

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(b. Madrid, 20 Feb. 1926)Playwright and theorist, whose refusal to comply with the strict censorship of the Franco regime in Spain meant that his work remained largely unperformed in ...
Alfonso Varano

Alfonso Varano  

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Literature
(1705–88).Ferrarese man of letters. He wrote four tragedies, including a noteworthy Giovanni di Giscala (1754), but was more admired for his Visioni sacre e morali, written in 1749–66. These ...
Alisa Koonen

Alisa Koonen  

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(b. Moscow, 17 Oct. 1889; d. Moscow, 20 Aug. 1974)Actress, who, with her husband Alexander Tairov, founded the Kamerny (Chamber) Theatre (1914), where she remained the company's leading actress. ...

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