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André Vera

André Vera  

(1881–1971), French garden designer whose modernist principles were strongly influenced by the classical French garden.His designs are crisply rectilinear with geometric shapes, much use of simple ...
Bernardo Rucellai

Bernardo Rucellai  

(1448–1514),Historian and garden designer, the son of Giovanni Rucellai. He was a confidant and supporter of Lorenzo de' Medici, and the author of De bello Italico, an account of ...
box

box  

There are around 70 species of box (Buxus), all evergreen shrubs and trees, with a wide distribution in Africa, Central America, Asia, the Caribbean, and Europe. From the gardening point ...
Czech Republic

Czech Republic  

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A formerly communist country that had a ‘velvet revolution’ and a fairly painless transition to a market economyThe Czech Republic has two main geographical areas. The largest, to the west, is ...
English garden

English garden  

Informal, asymmetrical, ‘natural’ type of landscape evolved in C18, associated with L. Brown, H. Repton, and others, and widely copied in Europe, where it was called jardinanglo-chinois because of ...
German gardens

German gardens  

The Renaissance garden in Germany is confined to the few years between 1590 and the outbreak of the Thirty Years War in 1618; it was stimulated during this period both ...
Green Animals

Green Animals  

Portsmouth, Rhode Island, USA, like many American gardens open to the public, grew from a private country estate. From 1872 to 1972, members of the Brayton family resided here and ...
Hans Vredeman de Vries

Hans Vredeman de Vries  

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(b Leeuwarden, c.1527; d ?Antwerp, c.1606).Netherlandish painter, architect, engineer, and designer, active in Germany and Prague, as well as in Amsterdam, Antwerp, and The Hague. He was famous in ...
Hidcote Manor

Hidcote Manor  

Near Chipping Camden, Gloucestershire, England, has been one of the most influential English gardens of its time. The 17th-century house on a cold and windy hill was bought in 1907 ...
Levens Hall

Levens Hall  

Kendal, Cumbria, England, dates from the 13th century but the present house is largely 16th century. A garden was made here from 1694 for James Grahme who had the help ...
medieval gardens

medieval gardens  

Gardens made in Europe between the collapse of the Roman Empire and 1500 (to take a slightly arbitrary date) are generally poorly documented. The beautiful illustrations which make modern books ...
Osborne House

Osborne House  

(Isle of Wight). Soon after their marriage, Victoria and Albert looked around for a private residence, where their growing family could enjoy seaside holidays. In 1845 they purchased the Osborne ...
Palácio de Marquês de Pombal

Palácio de Marquês de Pombal  

Oeiras, near Lisbon, Portugal. This was the estate of the reforming statesman the Marquês de Pombal whose garden was laid out in the second half of the 18th century. The ...
Palácio de Queluz

Palácio de Queluz  

Queluz, near Lisbon, Portugal. Queluz had been a royal estate in the 17th century, reserved for the use of the monarch's younger sons. In the 18th century it was used ...
Parque de Serralves

Parque de Serralves  

Porto, Portugal, a public park with an area of 18 hectares/44 acres laid out in the 1930s by the French modernist landscape architect Jacques Gréber (1882–1962). The cultural centre of ...
profession of gardener

profession of gardener  

J. C. Loudon, in his Encyclopaedia of Gardening (1822), wrote, ‘Very much of the comforts and pleasures which a private gentleman derives from his garden, and garden-scenery, depends on the ...
Sir Robert Stodart Lorimer

Sir Robert Stodart Lorimer  

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 (1864–1929) Scottish architect.At the beginning of the 20th century, Lorimer was the principal representative of ‘Traditionalism’, the Edinburgh offshoot of the Arts and Crafts and Domestic Revival ...
terraced garden

terraced garden  

The idea of arranging a garden in a series of terraces descending a slope is one of the most fertile in garden history and has inspired some of the finest ...
Valkenberg

Valkenberg  

Breda, Noord-Brabant, the Netherlands, was the original medieval estate of the earls of Nassau, becoming Orange-Nassau through inheritance of the principality of Orange in 1544. This is the estate ...
Villa d' Este

Villa d' Este  

Two Renaissance villas are now called Villa d'Este. The villa that belonged to the Este family is at Tivoli (ancient Tibur), a hill town 30 kilometres (20 miles) east of ...

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