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Aleksei Tolstoy

(1817—1875)

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Albert Bassermann

Albert Bassermann  

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(1867–1952),German actor, nephew of August Bassermann, who made his first appearance at Mannheim under his uncle's management and was with the Meininger company from 1890 to 1895. Under Otto ...
Aleksei Popov

Aleksei Popov  

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(1892–1961)Russian/Soviet director whose career began at the Moscow Art Theatre First Studio (1912–18) before he took up a director's post at the Vakhtangov Theatre in 1923, staging plays by ...
Arts Theatre

Arts Theatre  

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Always hovering artistically on the fringes of the West End of London, the 347-seat Arts Theatre opened in 1927 as a club for unlicensed and experimental drama. In its first ...
Citizens Theatre

Citizens Theatre  

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Founded in Glasgow in 1943 by Bridie, the ‘Citz’ took over the Royal Princess's, a Victorian theatre in the Gorbals, a notorious district south of the River Clyde. Although Bridie ...
Ermete Zacconi

Ermete Zacconi  

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(1857–1948)Italian actor-manager. An exponent of realism, Zacconi had a natural and elegant delivery and slowly revealed his character's psychological depth. Taking Antoine's Théâtre Libre as a ...
Erwin Piscator

Erwin Piscator  

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(1893–1966)German director who, together with Brecht, developed epic theatre. Piscator is credited with inventing documentary drama, the political revue, and many scenic devices. Drafted into the ...
Freie Bühne

Freie Bühne  

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Theatrical production and membership organization founded by critic Otto Brahm in Berlin in 1889. Inspired by Antoine's Théâtre Libre, though more consistently devoted to naturalistic drama, it ...
Georgy Tovstonogov

Georgy Tovstonogov  

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(1915–89)Soviet/Russian director. Appointed artistic director of the Bolshoi Drama Theatre in Leningrad in 1957, Tovstonogov merged the approaches of Stanislavsky and Meyerhold, mixing figurative ...
Igor Ilinsky

Igor Ilinsky  

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(1901–87)Russian/Soviet actor who began his career in Moscow with Komisarjevsky and Foregger before joining Meyerhold, with whom he worked, on and off, until 1935. A great comic actor, Ilinsky ...
Ilya Yakovleivich Sudakov

Ilya Yakovleivich Sudakov  

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(1890–1969),Soviet actor and director, who trained at the Moscow Art Theatre where, under Stanislavsky's supervision, he directed Bulgakov's Days of the Turbins (1926) and Ivanov's Armoured Train ...
Innokenti Smoktunovsky

Innokenti Smoktunovsky  

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(b. Tat'yanovka, Soviet Union, 28 March 1925; d. Moscow, 4 Aug. 1994)Actor who came to prominence at the Bolshoi Gorky Dramatic Theatre in Leningrad, where he acted a stunning ...
Ivan Moskvin

Ivan Moskvin  

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(1874–1946)Russian/Soviet actor and founder member of the Moscow Art Theatre, who starred as the simple-minded protagonist in their opening production of Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich (1898), the public ...
Jacob Gordin

Jacob Gordin  

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(1853–1909)Ukrainian Yiddish playwright. Immersed in Russian culture, Gordin arrived in New York in 1892 and was soon commissioned by Jacob Adler to write Siberia, a melodrama that marked the ...
Konstantin Stanislavsky

Konstantin Stanislavsky  

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1863–1938)Russian actor, director, and theoretician. He co-founded the Moscow Art Theatre (1898) and his theories later formed a basis for the development of ‘method’ acting.Born in Moscow, the son ...
Leopold Sulerzhitsky

Leopold Sulerzhitsky  

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(1872–1916)Russian director. Sulerzhitsky was introduced to the Moscow Art Theatre by Gorky and Chekhov before commencing work in 1905, assisting Stanislavsky with productions of Hamsun's The Drama ...
Mark Rozovsky

Mark Rozovsky  

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(1937– )Russian/Soviet playwright and director. His credo, ‘Theatrical Circles Arranged in a Spiral’, appeared in 1972. Rozovsky is best known outside Russia for a stage adaptation of Tolstoy's ...
Matsui Sumako

Matsui Sumako  

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(1886–1919)Japanese actress in shingeki. Matsui entered the training programme of Tsubouchi Shōyō's newly created Bungei Kyōkai (Literary Society) and soon appeared with particular success in 1911 as ...
Moscow Art Theatre

Moscow Art Theatre  

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Famous theatre, now dedicated to Maxim Gorky, founded by Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko in 1898. It soon gave a successful production of Chekhov's The Seagull, which had recently failed at ...
realism

realism  

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In Scholastic philosophy, the doctrine that attributes objective or absolute existence to universals, the principal exponent of which was St Thomas Aquinas. The opposite view is Nominalism.
Viktor Simov

Viktor Simov  

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(b. Moscow, 2 April 1858; d. Moscow, 21 Aug. 1935)Designer. He became the Moscow Art Theatre's chief designer, working there until 1912 and returning in 1925. Trained in a ...

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