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Tibetan Buddhism

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Adam Curle

Adam Curle  

Adam Curle (1916–2006), described by Elise Boulding as “one of the great Quaker peacemakers of our time” (Boulding and Forsberg 1998, 34), was also an innovative academic, breaking through ...
Avalokiteśvara

Avalokiteśvara  

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Religion
(Skt.; Tib., spyan-ras-gzigs; Chin, Kuan-yin; Jap., Kannon or Kwannon).One of the eight great Bodhisattvas.and one whose activities especially involve the active practice of compassion (karuṇā) in ...
bardo

bardo  

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Religion
(Tib.).A term associated with Tibetan Buddhism (see Tibet) which denotes a juncture or phase between two states. Six of these are described; the intermediate states of birth, of dream, of meditation, ...
Bardo Todrol

Bardo Todrol  

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Religion
(Bar-do'i-thos-grol)The Bardo Todrol or Tibetan Book of the Dead, refers to the brief period between death and rebirth, during which the consciousness remains near the body seeking release into a ...
Bhutan

Bhutan  

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History
Bhutan's development objective is to maximize ‘gross national happiness’Bhutan has three main geographical zones. The north falls within the high Himalayas which reach altitudes of 7,300 metres. To ...
body, speech, mind

body, speech, mind  

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Religion
A frequent division, especially in Tibetan Buddhism, of the sentient being into his three functional aspects which tantric practice or sādhana practice aims to transmute into the body, speech, and ...
Bön

Bön  

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Religion
(Tib.).1 The ancient pre-Buddhist religion of Tibet and some neighbouring areas. It was founded by the legendary teacher Shen-rap Mi-wo (Tib., gshen-rab mi-bo) and comprises two main aspects: the ...
Buddhism

Buddhism  

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Religion
Western term which became established in popular usage in the 1830s to refer to the teachings of the Buddha. There is no direct equivalent for this term in Sanskrit or Pāli. Instead, indigenous ...
Buddhist Ethics and Nonviolent Action

Buddhist Ethics and Nonviolent Action  

An examination of Buddhist ethics requires a discussion of ahimsa (noninjury, nonviolence). Although the Buddha was born into a warrior caste in sixth-century India, he developed a way of life ...
chöd

chöd  

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Religion
(Tib., gcod). A Tibetan term literally meaning ‘cut off’, it refers to a unique system of meditation introduced into medieval Tibet by the Indian ascetic Phadampa Sangyé, (d. 1117). Its theoretical ...
Contemporary Peace and Nonviolence Movements in Asia

Contemporary Peace and Nonviolence Movements in Asia  

The notion of “peace movement” is not unproblematic since “peace” can be defined restrictively (as no war or no direct violence) or expansively (as no direct, structural, and cultural violence ...
Dalai Lama

Dalai Lama  

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Religion
The spiritual head of Tibetan Buddhism and, until the establishment of Chinese communist rule, the spiritual and temporal ruler of Tibet. Each Dalai Lama is believed to be the reincarnation of the ...
Dzogchen

Dzogchen  

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Religion
(Tib., rdzogs-chen).The central teaching of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism.Dzogchen or the Great Perfection is regarded as the highest and most definitive approach to enlightenment (bodhi). ...
Emanation

Emanation  

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Religion
Expressions of power or wisdom from a higher being, making connection between an uninvolved or uncontaminated source, and imperfect (because contingent) appearance. Emanations are characteristically ...
Free Tibet Campaign

Free Tibet Campaign  

Tibet has a unique culture, history, and identity, resting mainly on Buddhist belief. The country lost its autonomy in 1951, when it was seized by the Peoples’ Republic of China ...
Gesar

Gesar  

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Religion
(Tib., ‘lotus temple’).A legendary hero in Tibetan religion, who led the fight, in many dramatic episodes, against evil. He was adopted into Buddhism as the embodiment of Avalokiteśvara, or of ...
Gesar Saga

Gesar Saga  

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Religion
An eleventh-century Tibetan (see Tibetan entries) epic of the King of Ling, the story became the national epic of Ladakh as the Gesar Saga. At his birth Gesar announces his identity as the Lion King. ...
Gshen rab mi-bo-che

Gshen rab mi-bo-che  

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Religion
In Tibetan Bon religion, the Enlightened One of the present era and source of the ordering of Bon religion. Moved by the compassion witnessed also in bodhisattvas, he entered this ...
mandala

mandala  

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Religion
Geometrical figure with a centre, such as a circle, or polygon, or a square, often in the form of a labyrinth or maze with symbolic meanings.
Panchen Lama

Panchen Lama  

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Religion
A Tibetan lama ranking next after the Dalai Lama. The name comes from Tibetan panchen, abbreviation of pandi-tachen-po ‘great learned one’. The Panchen Lama identifies the new Dalai Lama.

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