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Abhisamaya-alaṃkāra

Abhisamaya-alaṃkāra  

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Overview Page
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Religion
‘The Ornament of Direct Realization’, a text in nine chapters with a total of 273 verses ascribed to Maitreyanātha. The work summarizes the topics covered by the Pañca-viṃśati-prajñā-pāramitā Sūtra ...
ādi Buddha

ādi Buddha  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(Skt.). The primordial Buddha.a term only found in late Mahāyāna and Tibetan traditions of tantric Buddhism.possibly not attested in Indian Buddhism but generated through hyper-Sanskritization (see ...
anuttara-yoga-tantra

anuttara-yoga-tantra  

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Religion
(Skt.; Tib., bla-na-med-pa'i rgyud).A modern Sanskritized form (see Sanskrit), unattested in original Indian texts, of the term commonly used to indicate the highest or ‘supreme’ form of the four ...
Asia

Asia  

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Overview Page
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History
The largest continent in the world, occupying a third of its land surface. Asia stretches from the Arctic to the Equator and from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. Asia includes the Indian ...
Atiśa

Atiśa  

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Religion
(c.980–1055).The short name of Atiśa Dīpaṃkāra Śrījñāna. Born in Bengal into a royal family, he was a renowned Buddhist scholar and monk who later became one of the leading teachers at the university ...
Auguste François

Auguste François  

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(1857–1935), French consulin south China between 1896 and 1904, first in Longzhou (Guizhou) and Kunming (Yunnan‐fu) in Yunnan. He also undertook several exploration trips on major rivers and in ...
Avalokiteśvara

Avalokiteśvara  

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Religion
(Skt.; Tib., spyan-ras-gzigs; Chin, Kuan-yin; Jap., Kannon or Kwannon).One of the eight great Bodhisattvas.and one whose activities especially involve the active practice of compassion (karuṇā) in ...
bardo

bardo  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(Tib.).A term associated with Tibetan Buddhism (see Tibet) which denotes a juncture or phase between two states. Six of these are described; the intermediate states of birth, of dream, of meditation, ...
Bhaiṣajyaguru

Bhaiṣajyaguru  

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Religion
The Medicine Buddha, a figure especially venerated in Tibet.China.and Japan. Bhaiṣajya-guru is a Buddha in the Mahāyāna who epitomizes the power of healing, both on a physical and a spiritual level. ...
Bhutan

Bhutan  

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History
Bhutan's development objective is to maximize ‘gross national happiness’Bhutan has three main geographical zones. The north falls within the high Himalayas which reach altitudes of 7,300 metres. To ...
Bön

Bön  

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Religion
(Tib.).1 The ancient pre-Buddhist religion of Tibet and some neighbouring areas. It was founded by the legendary teacher Shen-rap Mi-wo (Tib., gshen-rab mi-bo) and comprises two main aspects: the ...
Buddhism

Buddhism  

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Religion
Western term which became established in popular usage in the 1830s to refer to the teachings of the Buddha. There is no direct equivalent for this term in Sanskrit or Pāli. Instead, indigenous ...
Buddhism – North America

Buddhism – North America  

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Religion
One of the oldest Buddhist groups in north America established in 1899 in San Francisco. Originally called the Buddhist Mission of North America, the organization adopted its present name after the ...
Bu-ston

Bu-ston  

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Religion
(1290–1364).Tibetan teacher, translator, and historian of Buddhism belonging to the Bkah-brgyud-pa ('ka-ju-pa') sect. By the age of 30 he had studied under all the great teachers of his day ...
Candrakírti

Candrakírti  

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Religion
(c.7th c. ce)A major Madhyamaka philosopher and key proponent of the reductio ad absurdum (prasaṇga) method of argumentation. This method aims to reduce to absurdity the position of the opponent ...
Chen-yen tsung

Chen-yen tsung  

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Religion
(Chin.). A school of Chinese Buddhism sometimes referred to in English as the ‘esoteric school’ (see Esoteric Buddhism). It represents an importation of tantric Buddhism from India into China.but ...
China

China  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
China is reforming into an economic superpower, but the Communist Party retains its political gripChina's vast landmass incorporates immense topographical and climatic diversity. But it can be ...
chöd

chöd  

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Religion
(Tib., gcod). A Tibetan term literally meaning ‘cut off’, it refers to a unique system of meditation introduced into medieval Tibet by the Indian ascetic Phadampa Sangyé, (d. 1117). Its theoretical ...
Chogyam Trungpa

Chogyam Trungpa  

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Religion
(1940–87).An important though somewhat controversial modern master of the Kagyü andNyingma schools who was especially instrumental in popularizing Tibetan Buddhism in the West. Born in Tibet.he fled ...
chörten

chörten  

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Religion
(Tib., mchod-rten). A reliquary or stūpa in Tibet. These structures proliferate wherever Tibetan Buddhism has been influential, and are considered to be an object for worship (pūjā), representing the ...

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