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Tiberius

(42—37 bc) Roman emperor ad 14–37

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acta

acta  

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Means ‘things done’ and has two specialized, overlapping senses in Roman history; one is a gazette, the other is official acts, esp. of an emperor.The Acta diurna was a gazette, whose publication ...
Aelius Sēiānus, Lūcius

Aelius Sēiānus, Lūcius  

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Of Volsinïï, d. ad 31. Sejanus' father was an equestrian, Seius Strabo. Sejanus, who had attended Augustus' grandson Gaius Iulius Caesar (2) in the east, was made Strabo's colleague as praetorian ...
Aemilius Lepidus, Marcus

Aemilius Lepidus, Marcus  

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(RE 75)probably elder son of Paullus Aemilius Lepidus and Cornelia, daughter of Scribonia and a Scipio. He was consul ad 6, then served under Tiberius in the Pannonian rebellion ...
Aemilius Scaurus, Mamercus

Aemilius Scaurus, Mamercus  

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(RE 139)the last male member of the distinguished family of Aemilii Scauri, was a man of unsavoury character, but a distinguished orator and advocate (Seneca Controversiae 10 pref. 2–3 ...
Afrānius Burrus, Sextus

Afrānius Burrus, Sextus  

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Equestrian procurator of Livia Drusilla, Tiberius, and Claudius, came from Narbonensis (see gaul (transalpine)). As favourite of Iulia Agrippina, he was appointed sole praetorian prefect by Claudius ...
Agrippa, Marcus Vipsanius

Agrippa, Marcus Vipsanius  

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(63–12 bc)Roman general. Augustus' adviser and son‐in‐law, he played an important part in the naval victories over Mark Antony, and held commands in both western and eastern provinces of the empire.
Agrippina the Elder

Agrippina the Elder  

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(c.14 bc–ad 33), the daughter of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and of Julia (daughter of Augustus). She married Germanicus (probably in ad 5), to whom she bore nine children. She was with Germanicus on ...
Alps

Alps  

Of Celtic origin, the word “Alps” means “high summit”, “rock”, and designates the largest and highest of the European mountain ranges, extending in the form of an arc 1000 kilometres ...
Archelaus

Archelaus  

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Great-grandson of Archelaus (3), last king of Cappadocia from 36 bc when M. Antonius (2) (Mark Antony) installed him. Augustus not only continued him in his kingdom but apparently saved ...
Arminius

Arminius  

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(c. 18 bc–19ad)Leader of the Germanic resistance to Roman colonization. Born into a noble family, he served as an officer in the Roman auxiliary forces and became a Roman citizen. However, he turned ...
Asinius Gallus, Gaius

Asinius Gallus, Gaius  

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(RE 15)son of C. Asinius Pollio, born in 41 bc, was consul 8 bc and proconsul of Asia 6–5 bc. He had married Vipsania Agrippina (1) when Tiberius had ...
astrology

astrology  

The study of movements and relative positions of celestial bodies interpreted as having an influence on human affairs and the natural world. Ancient observers of the heavens developed elaborate ...
Augusta Vindelic(or)um

Augusta Vindelic(or)um  

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Probably originated in a civil settlement around an Augustan military base protecting an important crossroads-site, and was designated capital of Raetia by Tiberius. Its early prosperity was noted by ...
Augustus

Augustus  

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(63 bc–ad 14),the first Roman emperor; also called (until 27 bc) Octavian. He was adopted by the will of his great-uncle Julius Caesar and gained supreme power by his defeat of Mark Antony in 31 bc. ...
Augustus, Augusta, as titles

Augustus, Augusta, as titles  

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Republican usage was religious (‘venerable’). On 16 January 27 bc Octavian received the title from the senate, and he intended Tiberius also to take it. Tiberius did not formally accept, but it was ...
bilingualism

bilingualism  

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Widespread bilingualism at some level was characteristic of the ancient world. Latin and esp. Greek were the languages of culture and education (in the Roman empire, Latin was the language of law and ...
Bosporus, the Cimmerian

Bosporus, the Cimmerian  

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The straits of Kerch′, connecting the Black Sea (Euxine) and the sea of Azov (Maeotis). The straits were the centre of a major kingdom, which was known, accordingly, as the ...
Caesar

Caesar  

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Religion
A branch of the aristocratic Roman Julia clan, the name of which passed from its most famous member Julius Caesar to become an imperial title. All succeeding Roman emperors adopted it, conferring the ...
Caligula

Caligula  

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(12–41 ad)Roman emperor (37–41). Brought up in a military camp, he gained the nickname Caligula (Latin for ‘little boot’) as an infant on account of the miniature military boots he wore. Caligula's ...
Calpurnius Piso, Lucius

Calpurnius Piso, Lucius  

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(RE 99) (consul 15 bc)was called ‘the pontifex’ to distinguish him from ‘the augur’, L. Calpurnius Piso (1). Born in 48, son of L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, Piso inherited ...

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