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Thucydides

(c. 455—400 bc) Greek historian

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Acarnania

Acarnania  

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A district of NW Greece, bounded by the Lonian Sea, the gulf of Ambracia, and the Acheloüs river. The district is divided into three main regions: (1) a rugged coast ...
Aelius Tubero, Quintus

Aelius Tubero, Quintus  

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(RE 156)son of Lucius (above), accompanied his father 49–48 bc and fought at Pharsalus, but was pardoned by Caesar. In 46 he prosecuted Q. Ligarius (whom Cicero successfully defended) ...
Aetolia

Aetolia  

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A region in west-central Greece roughly shaped like a triangle with its base on the Corinthian Gulf, its apex at Mt. Tymphrestus, and its sides along the lower and middle ...
Agatharchides

Agatharchides  

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Of Cnidus (c.215 to after 145 bc). Greek historian, geographer, and Peripatetic who lived most of his adult life in Alexandria (1), eventually leaving, perhaps in flight to Athens after ...
Alcidas

Alcidas  

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Spartan commander in the early part of the Peloponnesian War, failed to help Mytilene in its revolt from Athens 428–7 and treated prisoners brutally (Thucydides 3. 17, 29–33) so creating ...
alliance (Greek)

alliance (Greek)  

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An agreement between states to fight together against a common enemy. Such alliances might be made either for a limited period or for all time. In a full offensive and defensive alliance it was ...
Ammianus Marcellinus

Ammianus Marcellinus  

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[Na]One of the last great Roman historians. Originally from Antioch, born c.ad 330, he served in the army and settled in Rome c.ad 378. His History, written in Latin for a Roman audience, spanned the ...
anarchism

anarchism  

The doctrine associated with Godwin, Bakunin, Proudhon, and others, that human communities can and should flourish without government. Voluntary cooperation should replace the coercive machinery of ...
anatomy

anatomy  

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The study of the structure of living organisms, especially of their internal parts by means of dissection and microscopical examination. Compare morphology.
ancient scholarship

ancient scholarship  

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GreekIn one sense of the term, scholarship began when literature became a central element of education and the prescribed texts had to be explained and interpreted to pupils in a class. An early ...
Antiochus (10)

Antiochus (10)  

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Of Syracuse, probably the oldest of the western Greek historians (see historiography, Greek), active in the 5th cent. bc, after Herodotus (1) but before Thucydides (2). He wrote: 1. Sicelica ...
Antiphon

Antiphon  

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(c.480–411 bc),of the deme of Rhamnus, the first Attic orator whose works were preserved. From a prominent family, he participated in the intellectual movement inspired by the sophists, taking a ...
Archidamian War

Archidamian War  

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Is the name given to the first decade (431–421 bc) of the main Peloponnesian War. The name derives from King Archidamus II of Sparta, who had, however, opposed the war. ...
Aristogiton

Aristogiton  

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Athenian tyrannicide. He and Harmodius, both of the family of Gephyraei, provoked, acc. to Thucydides (2), by amorous rivalry, plotted along with others to kill Hippias (1) at the Panathenaic ...
Arrian

Arrian  

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c. ad 86–160.Born in Nicomedia, he held local office and pursued studies with Epictetus, whose lectures he later published. In Greece between 108 and 112 he attracted the friendship of Hadrian, who ...
Asianism

Asianism  

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The Greek orators of Asia Minor during the Hellenistic period developed a new style of oratory, marked by wordplay, emotional effect, bombast, and rhythm; some idea of it can be ...
astronomy

astronomy  

Until 1582, the need for Calendar reform was a significant spur to astronomy. Astronomers' reactions to the publication of the Copernican theory (1543) were at first rather friendly (see Rheticus ...
Athenian democracy

Athenian democracy  

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A form of popular government established in Athens by Cleisthenes (died 508 bc) in the last decade of the 6th century bc. The principal organ of democracy was the popular assembly (ekklesia), which ...
Athens

Athens  

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The capital of Greece, originally a flourishing city state of ancient Greece, which was an important cultural centre in the 5th century bc.Athens of America Boston.Athens of the North Edinburgh.
balance of power

balance of power  

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Probably the oldest concept in the study of International Relations going back at least to the work of Thucydides. It is closely associated with both diplomatic parlance and realist theory. Its logic ...

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