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Third Reich

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Anschluss

Anschluss  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(German, ‘connection’) Hitler's annexation of Austria. The German Second empire did not include Austrian Germans, who remained in Austria‐Hungary. In 1934 a coup by Austrian Nazis failed to achieve ...
Depression

Depression  

The financial and industrial slump of 1929 and subsequent years, also known as the Great Depression.
Enabling Law

Enabling Law  

The law passed in Germany in 1933 that granted Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers.
François Darlan

François Darlan  

(b. 7 Aug. 1881, d. 24 Dec. 1942).French admiral A distinguished naval commander in World War I, he was appointed admiral and Commander‐in‐Chief in 1939. His instinct to collaborate with the Germans ...
German Question

German Question  

Traditionally, this is the question of how Europe's most populous state at the centre of the European continent should be defined. Germany had never comprised a cohesive political entity before 1871, ...
Germany

Germany  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Politically powerful in Europe, Germany also has a large and successful economy, though it is becoming less competitiveGermany has three main geographical regions. From the North Sea and Baltic ...
Hitler Youth

Hitler Youth  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A Nazi agency to train young Germans. In 1931 Baldur von Schirach was appointed Youth Leader of the Nazi Party. In 1936 Hitler outlawed all other youth organizations and announced that all young ...
Joseph Goebbels

Joseph Goebbels  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1897–1945)German Nazi leader and politician. In 1933 he became Hitler's Minister of Propaganda, with control of the press, radio, and all aspects of culture. With a total disregard for the truth, he ...
Kurt Schumacher

Kurt Schumacher  

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Overview Page
(b. Kulm, 13 Oct. 1895; d. Bonn, 20 Aug. 1952)German; leader of SPD 1946–52 Many Germans felt ill at ease with Schumacher because he seemed to personify the valour and the suffering of the few ...
Lebensraum

Lebensraum  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Literally, space for living; the term used for territory which many German nationalists in the mid 20th century claimed was needed for the survival and healthy development of the nation.
Little Entente

Little Entente  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1920–38)Alliance of Czechoslovakia, Romania, and the new Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (later termed Yugoslavia). It was created by the Czech Foreign Minister Edvard Beneš, who in August ...
Munich agreement

Munich agreement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
‘Munich’ (the agreement signed by Neville Chamberlain and Adolf Hitler) has entered the English language as a synonym for weakness, and historians continue to debate whether it would have been wiser ...
Nazi

Nazi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party(NSDAP), Adolf Hitler's political party.adj.of or about the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP).a contraction of the first word of ...
Nuremberg Laws

Nuremberg Laws  

(15 Sept. 1935)Although Jews had been discriminated against from the outset of the Third Reich in Germany, the laws which were announced at the annual Nuremberg mass rally of the Nazi Party actually ...
Restitution Agreement

Restitution Agreement  

(10 Sept. 1952)An agreement reached between West Germany and Israel in which the former paid survivors of the Holocaust living in Israel 3 billion marks in compensation. Similar agreements were ...
Slovenia

Slovenia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A small country in south-east Europe.Physical.Slovenia is bordered by Austria to the north, Hungary to the east, Italy to the west, and Croatia to the south and east. It has an outlet to the Adriatic ...
SS

SS  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Nazi special police force. Founded in 1925 by Adolf Hitler as a personal bodyguard, the SS provided security forces (including the Gestapo) and adminstered the concentration camps.abbreviation of ...
swastika

swastika  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An ancient symbol in the form of an equal-armed cross with each arm continued at a right angle, used (in clockwise form) as the emblem of the German Nazi party. The word is recorded in English from ...
totalitarianism

totalitarianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The principle of government according to which all institutional and private arrangements are subject to control by the state. There are thus no autonomous associations, nor is there any principled ...
Weimar Republic

Weimar Republic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1919–33)The republic of Germany formed after the end of World War I. On 9 November 1918 a republic was proclaimed in Berlin under the moderate socialist Friedrich Ebert. An elected National Assembly ...

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