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attribute

attribute  

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Overview Page
A characteristic of a product or service that can be measured by a rating having only two possible states, e.g. good or bad, acceptable or not acceptable, etc. Compare variable.
capacity

capacity  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Another term for a thing's potentiality (see actuality and potentiality).
Cartesianism

Cartesianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The philosophical principles embodied in the teaching of R. Descartes.
categories

categories  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A permanent concern of philosophers has been to discover whether the most general categories of thought, such as space, time, reality, existence, necessity, substance, property, mind, matter, states, ...
David Wiggins

David Wiggins  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1933– ).Oxford philosopher specializing in metaphysics, philosophical logic, and ethics, noted for his work on identity. He challenges P. T. Geach's doctrine of the relativity of identity, advancing ...
event

event  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A change or happening. The central debate in the philosophy of events is whether they are to be thought of as individuals, like objects, capable of date and place and capable of being described in ...
existence

existence  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
For the question of why there is something and not nothing, see being. The modern treatment of existence in the theory of quantification is sometimes put by saying that existence is not a predicate. ...
Hermann Cohen

Hermann Cohen  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
German Jewish philosopher (1842–1918). Cohen, the son of a Cantor, received a traditional Jewish education and studied for a time at the Breslau Jewish Theological Seminary with the intention of ...
idealism, philosophical

idealism, philosophical  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Philosophical idealism is not the same as idealism considered as an attitude to be observed in life; it is not the pursuit of an ideal. It is, rather, a metaphysical ...
Kantianism

Kantianism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Covers any philosophical view which derives from, or echoes, the central tenets of Kant's critical philosophy. After the publication of the Critique of Pure Reason in 1781 that philosophy had ...
Ludwig Wittgenstein

Ludwig Wittgenstein  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1889–1951)Austrian-born philosopher and logician, author of Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1922) and Philosophical Investigations (1953), two of the most influential philosophical works of the ...
ontology

ontology  

The branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being. Recorded from the early 18th century, the word comes from modern Latin ontologia, from Greek ōn, ont− ‘being’, + the suffix −logy denoting ...
Peter Frederick Strawson

Peter Frederick Strawson  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1919–2006)British philosopher, a leading figure in contemporary Oxford linguistic philosophy. He was knighted in 1977.Strawson was born in London and educated at St John's College, Oxford; after ...
real action

real action  

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Overview Page
An action utilised in the medieval common law courts to recover a particular thing (the res). Real actions were only available in matters involving estates in land and did not ...
self

self  

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Overview Page
The elusive ‘I’ that shows an alarming tendency to disappear when we try to introspect it. See bundle theory of the mind or self, Cartesian dualism, personal identity.
transcendental idealism

transcendental idealism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Term used by Kant to characterize one element of his philosophy. Kant attempts to combine empirical realism, preserving the ordinary independence and reality of objects of the world, with ...
universals

universals  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A universal is a property or relation that can be instanced, or instantiated, by a number of different particular things: each yellow thing provides an instance of the property of yellowness, and ...
William Kingdon Clifford

William Kingdon Clifford  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1845–79)Cambridge mathematician and essayist. He is remembered in philosophy for the spirited essay ‘The Ethics of Belief’ (1879) defending an uncompromising religious agnosticism: ‘It is wrong, ...

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