Update

Overview

Theophrastus

(c. 372—287 bc) Greek philosopher and scientist

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 77 entries

View:

acoustic

acoustic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(ă-koo-stik)of or relating to sound or the sense of hearing. a. nerve see cochlear nerve. a. neuroma see (vestibular) schwannoma.
Adrastus

Adrastus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(RE 7)of Aphrodisias, Peripatetic philosopher (2nd cent. ad). His influential writings included commentaries on the order of Aristotle's works (mainly philological); on Nicomachean Ethics and ...
Aëtius

Aëtius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Probably late 1st cent. ad, author of a comprehensive survey of the contrasting views of Greek philosophers on questions in natural philosophy. Hermann Diels convincingly argued that this lost work ...
Aetna

Aetna  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Latin didactic poem of unknown authorship. It attempts to explain the volcanic activity of Mt. Etna (see Aetna (1)).The poem is ascribed to Virgil in our earliest MSS and ...
agricultural writers

agricultural writers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Agricultural manuals, written by practising landowners, flourished at Rome from Porcius Cato (1) (c.160 bc) to Palladius (c.mid‐5th cent. ad), enjoying higher status than other technical literature. ...
Alcmaeon

Alcmaeon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(fl.450 bc) Greek philosopher and physicianAlcmaeon was born in Croton (now Crotone in Italy). Details of his work come from the surviving fragments of his book and through references by later ...
Andronicus

Andronicus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1st c. bc)A leading member of the Lyceum largely responsible for establishing and conserving the corpus of works of Aristotle. None of his own writings survive.
Androsthenes

Androsthenes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Of Thasos, companion of Nearchus, subsequently (324 bc) explored Bahrain and the Arabian coast. His Circumnavigation of India (Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 711) was exploited by ...
Aratus

Aratus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Greek poet, c.315 to before 240 bc. Born in Cilicia, he studied at Athens, where he imbibed Stoicism from Zeno (2) and was introduced to Antigonus Gonatas, king of Macedon, who invited him to the ...
arboriculture

arboriculture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Tree cultivation. In the first millennium bc there was a remarkable expansion of fruit‐tree cultivation around the Mediterranean. The productivity of agriculture was increased because trees were ...
Arcesilaus

Arcesilaus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Of Pitane in Aeolis, 316/5–242/1 bc, head of the Academy from c.269. He introduced scepticism (see sceptics) into Plato's school, thereby founding the ‘New Academy’. He seems to have appealed to the ...
Aristotle

Aristotle  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(384–322bce). Greek philosopherimportant in the early history of Western linguistics both for his general contributions to logic, rhetoric, and poetics and for a specific classification of speech ...
Aristoxenus

Aristoxenus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Of Tarentum (b. c.370 bc), best known for musical writings but also a philosopher, biographer, and historian. He was trained in music, possibly to professional standards. Later he studied with the ...
Bion

Bion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Of Borysthenes (Olbia) (c. 335–c. 245 bc), popular philosopher. His own account of his early life (Diogenes Laertius 4. 46–7) is problematic. His disreputable parents (an ex-prostitute and a freedman ...
botany

botany  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The scientific study of plants, including their anatomy, morphology, physiology, biochemistry, taxonomy, cytology, genetics, ecology, evolution, and geographical distribution.
Callisthenes

Callisthenes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Of Olynthus, historian (d. 327 bc). Nephew of Aristotle, he collaborated with the philosopher in compiling the official list of Pythian victors (see Pythian Games), and by 336 he had ...
cereal

cereal  

[Ge]A general term covering a range of barley, wheat, oats, and rye.
Chamaeleon

Chamaeleon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(RE 1),of Heraclea (3) Pontica (c. 350–after 281 bc), Greek Peripatetic writer; almost no biographical details exist. He wrote works on satyric drama and comedy, and studies of a ...
character

character  

A person's character is the sum total of dispositions to action (including thinking and saying). An action is (apparently) out of character if it does not conform to the pattern the person has so far ...
character-writing

character-writing  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Books of ‘characters’ were popular in the 17th cent., and many were based, though some loosely, on Theophrastus translated by Casaubon in 1592 and by Healey (printed 1616, but previously circulated). ...

View: