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Theodore of Mopsuestia

(c. 350—428)

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Antioch

Antioch  

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A city in southern Turkey which was the ancient capital of Syria under the Seleucid kings, who founded it c.300 bc.
Antiochene School

Antiochene School  

A conventional designation for a group of theologians (Diodoros of Tarsos, Theodore of Mopsuestia, John Chrysostom, Theodoret of Cyrrhus) active mainly in Syria in the 4th and 5th C. Unlike ...
Antiochene theology

Antiochene theology  

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A modern designation for a style of theology associated with the Church at Antioch, contrasted with Alexandrine theology. In scriptural exegesis it placed more emphasis on the literal and historical ...
Barsumas

Barsumas  

(d. before 496), Bp. of Nisibis in the Church of the East. He became a keen propagandist for the theology of Theodore of Mopsuestia. He was instrumental in founding an influential theological school ...
Church of the East

Church of the East  

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(or Assyrian Church of the East),often misleadingly called the Nestorian Church. The Church in Mesopotamia (roughly modern Iraq) was outside the Roman Empire and took no part in the great Councils, ...
Constantinople

Constantinople  

The former name for Istanbul from ad 330 (when it was given its name by Constantine the Great) to the capture of the city by the Turks in 1453. Constantinople is the anglicized form of ...
Cosmas Indicopleustes

Cosmas Indicopleustes  

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(i.e. ‘Cosmas, the Indian navigator’, mid-6th cent.). He was a merchant of Alexandria, who may have become a monk. His ‘Christian Topography’ (c.547) attacks the Ptolemaic system in favour of various ...
creed

creed  

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A formal statement of Christian beliefs, especially the Apostles' Creed, the Athanasian Creed, or the Nicene Creed.
Diodore

Diodore  

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(d. c.390), Bp. of Tarsus from 378. He had combated Arianism in Antioch and opposed Julian the Apostate. In 381 he was named by Theodosius I one of the bishops communion with whom was a test of ...
Double Procession of the Holy Spirit

Double Procession of the Holy Spirit  

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Religion
The doctrine of the W. Church that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son. Against it E. theologians have urged that there must be a single Fount of Divinity in the Godhead; they hold ...
exegesis

exegesis  

Critical interpretation or explanation of a text, traditionally associated with religious scriptures, but now used with reference to close readings and analyses of any text.
Facundus

Facundus  

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(6th cent.), Bp. of Hermiane in Africa. In the Monophysite controversy he was one of the chief supporters of the Three Chapters. He went to Constantinople and there in 547–8 he completed a treatise ...
Gospel

Gospel  

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The record of Christ's life and teaching in the first four books of the New Testament; each of these books. The four Gospels ascribed to St Matthew, St Mark, St Luke, and St John all give an account ...
Hexaemeron

Hexaemeron  

The account of the creation of the universe in six days in Gen. 1; also patristic commentaries on this narrative.
ĪshōʼDād of Merv

ĪshōʼDād of Merv  

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(9th cent.), Bp. of Hedatta (on the R. Tigris) in the Church of the East. He wrote commentaries in Syriac on the whole of the OT and NT.
John Scholastikos

John Scholastikos  

Neo-Chalcedonian theologian, bishop of Skythopolis (ca.536–50).John tried to reconcile the statements of the Council of Chalcedon with the teaching of Cyril of Alexandria but was attacked by a ...
Julian

Julian  

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(c. 386–454),Pelagian theologian, briefly Bp. of Eclanum, in Apulia. Born in Apulia of Christian parents, he married before he was ordained. In 416 he became Bp. of Eclanum. On ...
Kosmas Indikopleustes

Kosmas Indikopleustes  

Alexandrian merchant and (perhaps) later a monk, who traded in Ethiopia and the Red Sea, possibly also in India and Taprobana (Ceylon); fl. first half of 6th C.These travels ...
Leontius of Byzantium

Leontius of Byzantium  

(6th cent.), anti-Monophysite theologian. He is probably to be distinguished from the Scythian monk of the same name who took part in the Theopaschite controversy, but practically nothing is known of ...
Mark

Mark  

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(d. c.74),evangelist. He is usually, but not invariably, identified with John Mark whose mother's house in Jerusalem was a meeting-place for the Apostles and with the young man, described in Mark 14: ...

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