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theatre of the Absurd

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Alfred Jarry

Alfred Jarry  

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(1873–1907),French poet and dramatist, whose Ubu-roi is now considered the founder-play of the modern avant-garde theatre. Written when Jarry was 15 years old and first performed in 1888 as ...
ancient Greek theatre

ancient Greek theatre  

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1. Origins of theatre in Greece; 2. Late Archaic and Classical Greek theatre (508–317 bc); 3. Hellenistic theatre (317–86 bc); 4. Greek theatre under the Roman Empire (86 bc–ad 692); 5. Greek ...
Arthur Adamov

Arthur Adamov  

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(1908–1970)Russian-born French dramatist, one of the most prominent exponents of the Theatre of the Absurd.Adamov was born into a wealthy Armenian family in Kislovodsk; at the age of four he moved ...
Boris Vian

Boris Vian  

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Literature
(b. Ville d'Avray, France, 10 March 1920; d. Paris, 23 June 1959) Playwright, poet, novelist and jazz trumpet player. Often linked with the theatre of the absurd, Vian's work satirizes ...
Edward Albee

Edward Albee  

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Literature
(1928– ),American playwright, associated with the Theatre of the Absurd, whose later explorations of sexual fantasy, frustration, and domestic anguish also recall the plays of T. Williams. His works ...
epic theatre

epic theatre  

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Phrase taken from Aristotle, where it implies a series of incidents presented without regard to theatrical conventions, and used in the 1920s by such pioneers as Brecht and Piscator of ...
Eugène Ionesco

Eugène Ionesco  

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(1912–94), playwright.The French‐Romanian playwright, an exponent of the Theatre of the Absurd, has been a favorite of Off‐Broadway companies and collegiate and regional theatres since the early ...
Fernando Arrabal

Fernando Arrabal  

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(1932– )Spanish playwright, novelist, and filmmaker. After a traumatic childhood and law studies, he moved to Paris, where he became linked with the theatre of the absurd through French versions ...
François Billetdoux

François Billetdoux  

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(b. Paris, 7 Sept. 1927; d. Paris, 3 Nov. 1991)Playwright, novelist and radio producer. In his whimsical mixture of boulevard theatre and Absurdism, pairs of characters usually confront problems ...
George F. Walker

George F. Walker  

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Literature
(1947– )Canadian playwright. Walker's plays, whose first productions he often directs, have the pace and absurdity of tragic farce; his characters live on the edge of disaster, against which they ...
Georges Feydeau

Georges Feydeau  

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(1862–1921)French writer of farces.Feydeau was born in Paris, son of the novelist Ernest Feydeau. He began writing for the theatre in 1881, and over the next thirty-five years produced some forty ...
Günter Grass

Günter Grass  

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Literature
(1927– )Prolific German novelist, essayist, and outspoken democratic socialist, born in Danzig, now Gdańsk in Poland. His long, often humorous, fantastic, and narratively innovative novels display a ...
Harold Pinter

Harold Pinter  

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(1930–2008)British playwright, director, and actor. He was awarded the CBE in 1966.Pinter was educated at Hackney Downs Grammar School and in 1949 became an actor, working mainly in the provinces. In ...
István Örkény

István Örkény  

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(1912–79)Hungarian writer and dramaturg. After incarceration during the Second World War Örkény worked as a dramaturg in Budapest. His first play, Voronyezs, was banned in 1948. Success came at ...
Jacques Languirand

Jacques Languirand  

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Literature
(b. Montreal, 1 May 1931)French-Canadian playwright, director, actor, novelist and essayist. Languirand spent several years in Paris in the early 1950s and returned to Canada indelibly influenced by ...
James Saunders

James Saunders  

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(1925– )English playwright. Saunders's early work, such as Alas, Poor Fred (1959) was in the Ionesco-inspired style of English absurdism. His first major success was Next Time I'll Sing to ...
Jean Anouilh

Jean Anouilh  

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Literature
(b Bordeaux, 23 Jun. 1910; d Lausanne, 3 Oct. 1987)French playwright. His 1932 ballet for actors Le Bal des voleurs was re-choreographed by Massine (Nervi, 1960) and revived for Royal Ballet (London, ...
Jean Genet

Jean Genet  

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(1910–1986)French novelist and dramatist.Genet was born in Paris, the unwanted illegitimate son of a prostitute. Convicted of petty theft at an early age, he spent part of his youth in the reform ...
Jean-Marie Serreau

Jean-Marie Serreau  

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(b. Poitiers, France, 28 April 1915; d. Paris, 1 June 1973)Director. Formed by Dullin and strongly marked by Brecht, he staged Adamov, Ionesco and Beckett, and linked the absurd ...
Manuel de Pedrolo

Manuel de Pedrolo  

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(b. L'Aranyó, Spain, 1 April 1918; d. Barcelona, 26 June 1990)Novelist and playwright. Several of his plays can be defined within the theatre of the absurd. His best works ...

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