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Afghanistan

Afghanistan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Still a battleground between the Taliban and government and NATO forces.Afghanistan is a largely mountainous country: more than half the territory is above 2,000 metres. Its central highlands are the ...
aggression

aggression  

Behaviour in an animal that serves to intimidate or injure another animal, but that is not connected with predation.
Algerian War

Algerian War  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1954–62)On 1 November 1954, hostilities broke out between the Christian colonists of French descent and Algerian Muslim nationalists who were organized into the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN) ...
anarchism

anarchism  

The doctrine associated with Godwin, Bakunin, Proudhon, and others, that human communities can and should flourish without government. Voluntary cooperation should replace the coercive machinery of ...
Anthony Blair

Anthony Blair  

(b. 1953).Prime minister. Educated at Fettes College, Edinburgh, and St John's College, Oxford, Tony Blair followed his elder brother William to Lincoln's Inn and qualified as a lawyer. He entered ...
anti-abortion group

anti-abortion group  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
An organization opposed to abortion, often on religious grounds. Some anti‐abortion groups commit acts of terrorism against abortion providers and supporters of the ‘pro‐choice’ movement.
anti-globalization terrorism

anti-globalization terrorism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Terrorist groups who oppose the increasing integration of the world into a single free market on the basis that it is contrary to individual and national interests. They target multinational ...
Asia–Australia (history)

Asia–Australia (history)  

Reference type:
Overview Page
European Australians focused on their Asia–Pacific context from the time of first settlement, but the framework within which they dealt with the region changed substantially from one era to another ...
Assassination

Assassination  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The premeditated murder of a political figure for reasons associated with the victim's prominence, political perspective, or some combination of both is known as assassination. As a formal means of ...
Association of Chief Police Officers

Association of Chief Police Officers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(ACPO)A private company limited by guarantee and funded by a combination of a Home Office grant, contributions from each of the 44 police authorities, membership subscriptions, and by the proceeds of ...
Australian Security Intelligence Organisation

Australian Security Intelligence Organisation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
ASIO is Australia's domestic national security and intelligence agency under the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979 (Cth). ASIO has no law enforcement powers but investigates and ...
banned groups

banned groups  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Groups such as terrorist organisations or gangs (see bikers, bikies) with whom association is made a criminal offence, contrary to rights of freedom of association. A suite of contentious ...
bioterrorism

bioterrorism  

The unlawful use of biological agents, such as a deadly virus or bacteria, to kill or harm people, animals, or plants. See also biological warfare, biosecurity, terrorism.
Blitzkrieg

Blitzkrieg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(German, ‘lightning war’)A military tactic employed by the Germans in World War II, which was especially successful in campaigns against Poland, France, Greece, and the Soviet Union. It employed ...
blowback

blowback  

“Blowback,” the backward escape of gases and unburned gunpowder after a gun is fired, first appeared as a political metaphor in a 1954 report on covert U.S. Central Intelligence Agency ...
bomb disposal

bomb disposal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The defusing or removal and detonation of unexploded and delayed-action bombs.
Canada–Australia

Canada–Australia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The titles of several recent historical examinations of the Canadian–Australian relationship convey ideas of separation and detachment: ‘parties long estranged’, ‘distant ally’, and ‘parallel paths’. ...
Caper

Caper  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A subtype of crime and mystery writing in which the formula includes fast-moving action perpetrated by specialized thieves who precisely plan and execute often daring heists before making their ...
Carter Center

Carter Center  

The Carter Center is a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and First Lady Rosalynn Carter to promote human rights and democracy, prevent and ...
Chechnya

Chechnya  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The mountainous northern Caucasus zone is the historic homeland for numerous ethnic groups. For centuries potentially dominant neighbors, be they Christian or Muslim, have viewed the northern ...

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