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Giuseppe Terragni

(1904—1943)

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Eugenio Montuori

Eugenio Montuori  

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(1907–82).Italian architect best known for the Stazione Termini, Rome (from 1947). With other Italian architects associated with Terragni, he won the competition to design the new town of Sabaudia, ...
fascism

fascism  

An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.The term Fascism was first used of the totalitarian right-wing nationalist regime of Mussolini in Italy ...
futurism

futurism  

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Italian avant-garde art movement, launched in 1909, that exalted the dynamism of the modern world; it was literary in origin, but most of its major exponents were painters, and it also embraced ...
Gruppo

Gruppo  

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Association of seven Italian architects (Ubaldo Castagnoli (soon replaced by A. Libera), L. Figini, Guido Frette (1901– ), Sebastiano Larco (1901– ), G. Pollini, Carlo Enrico Rava (1903–85), and G. ...
Hiromi Fujii

Hiromi Fujii  

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(1935– ).Japanese architect, influenced by Constructivism and architects such as Terragni. His works include the Miyajima house, Shinjuku, Tokyo (1973), the Ushimadu Arts Centre, Okayama (1985), and ...
International Modern

International Modern  

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orC20 architectural style which began just before the 1914–18 war. The term appears to have been coined by Alfred H. Barr (1902–81— Director of MoMA), later publicized by H. -R. Hitchcock and Philip ...
Italy, 1900–43

Italy, 1900–43  

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Stile Liberty and Futurism The first major tendency in twentieth-century Italian architecture, Stile Liberty, was a product of the interaction of Art Nouveau design with regional decorative ...
Luigi Figini

Luigi Figini  

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(1903–84).Italian architect. He formed a partnership with Gino Pollini (1903–91) in 1929, and, with Terragni and others, founded Gruppo 7 in 1926. He was a leading figure in Italian Rationalism. From ...
Marcello Piacentini

Marcello Piacentini  

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 (1881–1960) Italian architect, urban planner, and critic who became the most powerful figure in Italian architectural culture during the Fascist period (1922–43).In 1921 he founded Architettura e ...
New York Five

New York Five  

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Known as the ‘Whites’ because of their predominantly white buildings (notably those of Meier), they were a loose grouping of American architects (the others were Eisenman, Graves, Gwathmey, and ...
Nikos Valsamàkis

Nikos Valsamàkis  

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(1925– ).Greek architect. His early apartment-blocks (e.g. at Semitelou 5, Athens (1951) ) were influenced by the work of Terragni in Italy. The office building, Ermou and Plateia Kapnikareas 9, ...
Peter D. Eisenman

Peter D. Eisenman  

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(1932– ).American architect. He founded the Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies, NYC (1967), co-edited the architectural journal Oppositions (1973–82), and was associated with the New York ...
Pier Luigi Nervi

Pier Luigi Nervi  

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(1891–1949)Italian engineer and architect. A pioneer in the use of reinforced concrete, Nervi combined the roles of architect, engineer, entrepreneur, and academic to an unusual extent. His many ...
Rationalism

Rationalism  

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Term employed to mean different things at different times by various groups in the history of C20 architecture, but mostly applied to mean the architectural principles behind the International Modern ...
revetment

revetment  

1 In masonry, a thin facing to hide the surface or construction behind, such as the marble cladding of Terragni's Casa del Fascio, Como (1932–6).2 Retaining-wall.
Rob(ert) Krier

Rob(ert) Krier  

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(1938– ).Luxembourg-born Austrian architect, the brother of Léon Krier, with whom he has shared an interest in giving the contemporary city qualities enjoyed prior to industrialization. Influenced by ...
travertine

travertine  

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Ochre-, amber-, or cream-coloured textured limestone (also called a marble), pitted with irregular holes, and with random dark graining, found in the Tiber Valley near Rome, and used since Antiquity ...
Zanotta

Zanotta  

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(established 1954)One of the leading furniture manufacturers in Italy since the Second World War, Aurelio Zanotta's company began to establish a reputation for modern design in the late 1950s. By the ...

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