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technological determinism

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dependent and independent variables

dependent and independent variables  

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Media studies
See also variable.1. In experimental studies, a dependent variable is an outcome factor on which an independent (‘experimental’ or ‘controlled’) variable is hypothesized and observed to have a ...
determinism

determinism  

The doctrine that every event has a cause. The usual explanation of this is that for every event, there is some antecedent state, related in such a way that it would break a law of nature for this ...
foundationalism

foundationalism  

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Media studies
Theories granting ontological priority to certain ‘foundational’ entities which are regarded as givens or first principles. Various theorists assign causal priority to God, material reality, ...
industrial society

industrial society  

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A key element in modernity, it is important to distinguish the descriptive from the analytical uses of this term. At a descriptive level, an industrial society is simply one displaying the ...
influence

influence  

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Media studies
1. The capacity to persuade: being able to affect people's attitudes, values, and/or behaviour due to power, status, knowledge, contacts, and/or wealth; alternatively, the effect or agency.2. In the ...
long-term effects

long-term effects  

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Media studies
In theories and research concerning the potential influence of the mass media on audiences and/or society, subtle and perhaps indirect consequences only apparent over an extended period of time, as ...
McLuhanism

McLuhanism  

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Media studies
Any concept deriving from, and/or in the style of, Marshall McLuhan, a Canadian academic who enjoyed international cult status as a media guru in the 1960s. He is best known for his provocative ...
media determinism

media determinism  

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Media studies
A synonym for technological determinism as applied to claims about the ‘impact’ of new media technologies on society, institutions, groups, and/or individuals. The term is often applied to the stance ...
media history

media history  

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Media studies
The historical study of the mass media pioneered in the 19th century by historians of the press. It is an approach which emphasizes the importance of the specific sociohistorical contexts within ...
new working class

new working class  

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A term associated with the thesis that process workers in automated industries, and white-collar workers in large industrial corporations, possess the potential to assume the historic revolutionary ...
post-industrialism

post-industrialism  

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Media studies
The changes in the form of capitalist societies since the Second World War: a shift from industrial production to service industries and a ‘*knowledge economy’ in which the basis of power is ...
purpose

purpose  

1. Broadly, the intentions, aims, or goals of an individual which motivate their behaviour on any particular occasion (see also communicative purposes). Some psychologists reject the concept ...
reductionism

reductionism  

[Th]The general principle that complicated phenomena can be explained by conceptually reducing them to a set of simple variables. This is often linked to essentialist or socio‐biological approaches.
reification

reification  

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Media studies
1. The treatment of a relatively abstract signified (e.g. technology, mind, or self) as if it were a single, bounded, undifferentiated, fixed, and unchanging thing, the essential nature of which ...
relative autonomy

relative autonomy  

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1. In Althusserian Marxist theory, the relative independence of the ‘superstructure’ of society (including ideology and culture) from the economic (or techno-economic) ‘base’ (in contrast to the ...
social determinism

social determinism  

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Media studies
1. (*cultural determinism, social shaping) In theories of the relationship between society and technology or media, a stance which asserts the primacy of social (and political) factors rather than ...
Sociologie du Travail

Sociologie du Travail  

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A sociology of work, associated with the writings of certain French sociologists of the 1950s and 1960s, which provided at the time a refreshing critique of the factory-bound perspective of ...
sociology of industry

sociology of industry  

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A loosely defined, but well-established sub-specialism within sociology, which can trace its origins back to the discipline's founders. Its expansion in the 20th century was encouraged by the hope of ...
socio-technical system

socio-technical system  

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A system involving the interaction of hard systems and human beings, in ways that either cannot be separated or are thought to be inappropriate to separate.

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