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battle of Tannenberg

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battle of Masurian Lakes

battle of Masurian Lakes  

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(1914).The destruction of the Russian Second Army at Tannenberg left another Russian army deep in East Prussia, with the Germans badly out of position to deal with it. Even ...
eastern front

eastern front  

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(1914–18).The German elite accepted war in 1914, in part because it feared the long-term build-up of Russian military strength. The pretext for escalating from a local war to a ...
Erich Ludendorff

Erich Ludendorff  

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(1865–1937)German general. Shortly after the outbreak of World War I he was appointed Chief of Staff to General von Hindenburg and they jointly directed the war effort until the final offensive ...
I Weltkriege

I Weltkriege  

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(1914–18 War).The war, the causes of which are still to some extent a matter of controversy, was occasioned by the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 ...
Jan Žižka

Jan Žižka  

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(c.1376–1424),Hussite general. Serving in the court of King Vaclav (Wenceslas) IV of Bohemia, Zizka took part in numerous campaigns in Poland, where in addition to gaining much experience, he ...
Masuren

Masuren  

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A district of the former Prussian province of East Prussia (see Ostpreussen), largely covered with forest and with innumerable lakes. During the 1914–18 War it was the scene of two ...
memorials

memorials  

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Memorials have been a feature of the commemoration of war since early recorded history. They were once largely triumphalist. The pharaoh Tuthmosis III (1479–1425 bc) erected two obelisks to proclaim ...
military monastic orders

military monastic orders  

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Came into being after the First Crusade. Hugh de Payns and a small group of knights elected themselves the guards of pilgrims visiting Jerusalem and the River Jordan c.1119 and ...
Ostpreußen

Ostpreußen  

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A former Prussian province (Provinz), is now partly Lithuanian, partly Russian, and partly Polish territory. The north-eastern area around Königsberg (now Kaliningrad) has been incorporated into ...
Paul von Hindenburg

Paul von Hindenburg  

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(1847–1934)German general and statesman. He fought at the Battle of Königgratz (Sadowa) and in the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71) and retired in 1911. He was recalled to active service at the outbreak ...
radio

radio  

1. The first electronic mass medium of communication, involving an audio signal broadcast wirelessly in the form of radio waves from a high-power transmitter to a low-power receiver (radio set). ...
SIGINT

SIGINT  

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Is an abbreviation of signals intelligence, as opposed to humint or human intelligence (for which, see spies). In addition to the entry below, see Combined Bureau Middle East, Far East ...
wagenburg

wagenburg  

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A mobile fort assembled by drawing wagons into a defensive circle, like the Wild West wagon circle or the Boer laager. The first references are from the time of Julius ...

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