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Overview

Roger Brooke Taney

(1777—1864)

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Ableman v. Booth; United States v. Booth

Ableman v. Booth; United States v. Booth  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
21 How. (62 U.S.) 506 (1859), argued 19 Jan. 1859, decided 7 Mar. 1859 by vote of 9 to 0; Taney for the Court. In the spring of 1854, Benjamin S. Garland, a slaveowner from Missouri, went to ...
alien

alien  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.A person who, under the law of a particular state, is not a citizen of that state. Aliens are usually classified as resident aliens (domiciled in the host country) or transient aliens (temporarily ...
American Insurance Company v. Canter

American Insurance Company v. Canter  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
1 Pet. (26 U.S.) 511 (1828), argued 8, 10, 11 Mar. 1828, decided 15 Mar. 1828 by vote of 7 to 0; Marshall for the Court. Questions of federalism were among the most difficult confronting the early ...
Amistad Mutiny

Amistad Mutiny  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Rebellion of Africans held captive aboard the slave ship La Amistad that occurred in July 1839 off the northern coast of Cuba.Although England and Spain had signed a treaty ...
Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson  

(1767–1845)US general and Democratic statesman, 7th President of the USA (1829–37). After waging several campaigns against American Indians, he defeated a British army at New Orleans (1815) and ...
Baker v. Carr

Baker v. Carr  

Reference type:
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Subject:
Law
(USA, 1962)The first of a series of Supreme Court decisions which undermined the custom of manipulating legislative apportionments at state and federal levels for political or racial purposes. ...
Benjamin Chew Howard

Benjamin Chew Howard  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(b. Baltimore County, Md., 5 Nov. 1791; d. Baltimore, Md., 6 Mar. 1872), Supreme Court reporter of decisions, 1843–1861.One of the nominative reporters, Howard served the Court during the ...
Benjamin R. Curtis

Benjamin R. Curtis  

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Associate Justice, 1851–57• Born: Nov. 4, 1809, Watertown, Mass.• Education: Harvard College, A.B., 1829; Harvard Law School, LL.B., 1832• Previous government service: Massachusetts state ...
Briscoe v. Bank of the Commonwealth of Kentucky

Briscoe v. Bank of the Commonwealth of Kentucky  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
11 Pet. (36 U.S.) 257 (1837), argued 28 Jan., 1 Feb. 1837, decided 11 Feb. 1837 by vote of 6 to 1; McLean for the Court, Story in dissent. With the death of John Marshall in 1835, the Supreme Court's ...
Bronson v. Kinzie

Bronson v. Kinzie  

Reference type:
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Subject:
Law
42 U.S. 311 (1843), submitted without oral argument, decided 23 Feb. 1843 by vote of 6 to 1; Taney for the Court, McLean in dissent, Story and McKinley not participating. Bronson exemplified the ...
Brown v. Maryland

Brown v. Maryland  

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Subject:
Law
12 Wheat. (25 U.S.) 419 (1827), argued 28 Feb. and 1 Mar. 1827, decided 12 Mar. 1827 by vote of 6 to 1; Marshall for the Court, Thompson in dissent. In Brown v. Maryland, importers of foreign goods ...
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge

Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge  

Reference type:
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Subject:
Law
• 11 Pet. 420 (1837)• Vote: 4–3• For the Court: Taney• Dissenting: McLean, Story, and ThompsonIn 1828, the state government of Massachusetts granted a charter, or permit, for construction of ...
Constitutional Interpretation

Constitutional Interpretation  

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Subject:
Law
Constitutional interpretation is both the process by which the American Constitution is construed and the study of that process. The latter is principally an academic activity while the former art ...
Corporations

Corporations  

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Subject:
Law
Corporation law has traditionally been the domain of state legislatures and state courts, although nothing in the Constitution prohibits a federal role in corporate governance. The influence of the ...
Craig v. Missouri

Craig v. Missouri  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
4 Pet. (29 U.S.) 410 (1830), argued 2–3 Mar. 1830, decided 12 Mar. 1830 by vote of 4 to 3; Marshall for the Court, Johnson, Thompson, and McLean dissenting. Craig demonstrated the transitional ...
Dred Scott Case

Dred Scott Case  

See Scott v. Sandford.Claudia Durst Johnson
Economics and Law

Economics and Law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Since its Colonial inception, the United States has been largely, but not exclusively, a market economy. While “mercantilist” economic conceptions envisioning more active governmental regulation were ...
federalism

federalism  

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Subject:
Law
A political system in which power is vested in an association of constituents, rather than in a central government set over and above them. The Federalist Papers were a series of articles written ...
Finality of Decision

Finality of Decision  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
By statute (Title 28, sec. 1257 of the U.S. Code), the Supreme Court has jurisdiction to review “[f]inal judgments or decrees rendered by the highest court of a State in ...
Gabriel Duvall

Gabriel Duvall  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Associate Justice, 1811–35• Born: Dec. 6, 1752, Prince Georges County, Md.• Education: studied law privately• Previous government service: clerk, Maryland Convention, 1775–76; clerk, Maryland House ...

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