Overview

Taliban

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-19 of 19 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Afghanistan

Afghanistan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Still a battleground between the Taliban and government and NATO forces.Afghanistan is a largely mountainous country: more than half the territory is above 2,000 metres. Its central highlands are the ...
Allied Powers

Allied Powers  

A term for the co-belligerents who fought against the Central and Axis Powers in World War I and World War II respectively. Strictly speaking, in World War I the Allies comprised those countries who ...
al-Qaeda

al-Qaeda  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A network of Islamic fundamentalist groups, founded in 1988 and associated with the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001. The name comes from Arabic, meaning literally ‘the base’.
Dawlah

Dawlah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An Arabic term from the root d-w-l, meaning to rotate, alternate, take turns, or occur periodically, dawlah, in a modern context, refers to the state. In modern Persian a similar ...
George W. Bush

George W. Bush  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1946– )US Republican statesman, 43rd President of the USA (2001–9). The son of George (Herbert Walker) Bush, he worked in the oil industry before becoming Governor of Texas in 1995. The presidential ...
Hamid Karzai

Hamid Karzai  

(b. 24 Dec 1957).President of Afghanistan, 2004– Born in Kandahar, he studied political science in India before returning to Afghanistan in 1983, where he engaged in the struggle against Soviet ...
Ḥijāb

Ḥijāb  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Arab.).Any partition which separates two things (e.g. that which separates God from creation), but usually the veil worn by Muslim women. The almost total covering of the chaddor is ...
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan

Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Begun in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union and organized as the IMU by Tahir Yuldeshev in 1998. Seeks to establish a government based on shariah. Based in Uzbekistan but has branches in ...
Islamic State

Islamic State  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Modern ideological position associated with political Islam. In classical theory, the Islamic concept of state is based on the principles of group/community, justice, and leadership. The legitimacy ...
Kabul

Kabul  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Capital of Afghanistan. With its excellent location on the Kabul River in a fertile plain surrounded by mountains and hills, Kabul is a natural strategic site and has a history ...
Kandahar

Kandahar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
City and provincial capital in s Afghanistan, c.480km (300mi) sw of Kabul. Because of its location on important trade routes, it was occupied by many foreign conquerors before becoming the ...
Kashmir

Kashmir  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A disputed territory between India and Pakistan. In 1941, 77 percent of the population was Muslim. Three major political forces dominated: the National Conference, which wanted to join India; the ...
Mujāhidīn

Mujāhidīn  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Plural of mujahid, “one who engages in jihad.” The term does not have a necessary connection with war. In literal terms, it means “one who struggles on behalf of Islam.” In recent years, however, it ...
Northern Alliance

Northern Alliance  

A loose alliance of primarily Pashtun Islamic groups which took control of Kabul in 1992. It disintegrated in 1993, but the alliance was reformed in 1996 as its leaders retreated from the Taliban ...
Osama Bin Laden

Osama Bin Laden  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1957–2011)Leader and founder of the al-Qaeda terrorist network. Born in Saudi Arabia, he inherited a fortune from his father's construction business, which he has used to further his militant ...
Pervez Musharraf

Pervez Musharraf  

(1943– )Pakistani general and statesman; President (2001–8). Musharraf was born in Delhi, but his family moved to Pakistan after the partition of India (1947). Joining the army in 1964, he rose to ...
September 11

September 11  

(2001)The day on which al-Qaida terrorists struck at New York and Washington, killing over 3000 people. Four airliners were hijacked shortly after take-off by 19 suicidal terrorists: two were flown ...
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(UNESCO)A specialized agency of the United Nations, founded in 1946 and based in Paris, which promotes international collaboration in education, science, culture, and communication. In education, it ...
war on Terrorism

war on Terrorism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The war launched by President George W. Bush in the aftermath of the outrage of September 11, 2001, when he vowed that the USA would use its armed might to destroy terrorist organizations and any ...

View: