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John Millington Synge

(1871—1909) playwright

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Abbey Theatre

Abbey Theatre  

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Literature
First permanent home of the Irish National Theatre, founded in 1904 by Lady Gregory, Edward Martyn, and W. B. Yeats to foster native drama. Dramatic scenes came four years later with riots at the ...
amateur theatre

amateur theatre  

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In Britain amateur theatre reached its height in the 19th century, when many of the best-known amateur societies were founded, among them the Old Stagers, who have given performances closely ...
Annie Horniman

Annie Horniman  

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(1860–1937),a pioneer supporter of the modern English drama, founder of the Manchester Repertory Theatre. By her generous assistance the Irish National Theatre Society was provided with a permanent ...
Aran Islands

Aran Islands  

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Literature
(1907), a travel work in four books by J. M. Synge, written as a chapter of contemplative autobiography; it arose from W. B. Yeats's advice that Synge should live on ...
Arthur Sinclair

Arthur Sinclair  

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(1883–1951),Irish actor, second husband of Maire O'Neill, who made his first appearance on the stage in Yeats's On Baile's Strand (1904) with the Irish National Dramatic Society and was ...
Australia

Australia  

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The country's first conventional theatre was opened in 1796 by an ex-convict, Robert Sideaway – and closed two years later after a spate of robberies on the unattended homes of ...
Bill Bryden

Bill Bryden  

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(b. Greenock, Scotland, 12 April 1942)Director and playwright. After being an assistant at the Belgrade, Coventry, to William Gaskill, and at the Royal Court (1966–8), Bryden became associate ...
Canada: theatre in English

Canada: theatre in English  

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Until the twentieth century the history of theatre in Canada, a nation formed only in 1867 and not fully independent until 1931, is a record of domination by foreign touring ...
Caradoc Evans

Caradoc Evans  

(1878–1945)Welsh writer, born David Evans near Llanfihangel‐ar‐Arth in Carmarthenshire, whose attacks on Nonconformist piety earned him the nickname ‘best hated man in Wales’ and the public enmity of ...
Cathleen Nesbitt

Cathleen Nesbitt  

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(1888–1982), actress.The beautiful, worldly English leading lady, once reputed to be the mistress of Rupert Brooke, made her American debut in 1911 with the Irish Players of the Abbey ...
Conal Holmes O'Connell O'Riordan

Conal Holmes O'Connell O'Riordan  

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Literature
(1874–1948),playwright and novelist. Born in Dublin, the son of a QC, and educated at Belvedere and Clongowes Wood College, he was prevented from following an army career by a ...
Coole Park

Coole Park  

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Literature
Co. Galway, home of Lady Gregory, famous as the headquarters of the Irish Revival. Summer home of W. B. Yeats for nearly 20 years, it was the subject of many of his poems. Guests who carved their ...
Cuala Press

Cuala Press  

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Literature
A private press founded in 1902 at Dundrum, Co. Dublin, by Elizabeth and Lily Yeats, sisters of W. B. Yeats. It was originally called the Dun Emer Press. From 1908 until the late 1940s it flourished ...
Cyril Cusack

Cyril Cusack  

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(1910–93)Irish actor and manager. He first appeared onstage at the age of 7 with his mother and stepfather's touring company. He joined the Abbey Theatre Company in 1932, and ...
Deirdre

Deirdre  

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Religion
In Irish mythology, a tragic heroine (Deirdre of the Sorrows) of whom it was prophesied that her beauty would bring banishment and death to heroes. King Conchubar of Ulster wanted to marry her, but ...
Deirdre of the Sorrows

Deirdre of the Sorrows  

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Literature
1 Opera by Karl Rankl, based on Synge's play, which won Fest. of Britain prize, 1951, but was not prod.2 Lyric drama in 1 act by John J. Becker (1945).
Derek Walcott

Derek Walcott  

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Literature
(1930– ),poet and playwright, born in St Lucia. His plays include Dream on Monkey Mountain (1967, pub. 1971), The Joker of Seville (1974, pub. 1978; based on Tirso da Molina's El Burlador de ...
Dion Boucicault

Dion Boucicault  

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(1820–90),playwright, achieved great success with his comedy London Assurance (1841), written under the pseudonym of Lee Morton. He subsequently wrote and adapted some 200 plays, including The ...
Douglas Hyde

Douglas Hyde  

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Literature
(1860–1949),Irish writer and pioneer in the Irish Revival, became the first professor of Irish at the National University in 1908. Several of his writings, including Love Songs of Connacht (1893) and ...
Druid Theatre

Druid Theatre  

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Irish theatre company founded in Galway in 1975 by the director Garry Hynes and the actors Marie Mullen and Mick Lally. Druid set a precedent for the development of regional ...

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