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symbolic interactionism

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action theory

action theory  

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A major orientation within sociology and related disciplines that privileges the analysis of the intentional behavior of individuals, or action. Action, in this narrow sense, is behavior that takes ...
agency

agency  

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1. (sociology) A central thematic opposition with structure representing the scope for human freedom of action—versus the ways in which actions may be determined by social structures. See also ...
Alfred Schutz

Alfred Schutz  

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Philosophy
(1899 –1959)An Austrian sociologist who bridged the gap between the phenomenological study of everyday life and the analysis of higher-order social relations (see phenomenology). Schutz was educated ...
analytic induction

analytic induction  

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A logic of qualitative research which employs a systematic and exhaustive examination of a limited number of cases in order to provide generalizations. Donald Cressey, who employs the logic in his ...
Arnold M. Rose

Arnold M. Rose  

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(1918–68)An American sociologist, a somewhat eclectic symbolic interactionist who adopted an intermediate position between the humanistic approach of the Chicago School, and the more positivist ...
career

career  

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A patterned sequence of occupational roles through which individuals move over the course of a working life, implying increased prestige and other rewards, although not excluding downward ...
Charles Horton Cooley

Charles Horton Cooley  

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(1864–1929)Cooley was one of the first generation of American sociologists, but an eccentric who differed from most of his peers. Whereas the majority of the pioneers were Social Darwinists, Cooley ...
Chicago School

Chicago School  

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A name applied to sociologists at the University of Chicago's Department of Sociology in the first half of the 20th century (especially the 1920s and 1930s), whose pioneering and often qualitative ...
commonsense knowledge

commonsense knowledge  

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The routine knowledge people have of their everyday world and activities. Different sociological approaches adopt different attitudes to commonsense knowledge. The concept is central to Alfred ...
communication game

communication game  

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Media studies
An approach to interpersonal communication based on the metaphor of a game, with roles, rules, and goals. This approach emphasizes: shared conventions and expectations concerning social roles and ...
constitutive models

constitutive models  

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Media studies
*Communication models in which meanings are reflexively constructed, maintained, or negotiated in the act of communicating (rather than pre-established, as implied in linear transmission models). ...
constructionism

constructionism  

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Media studies
A philosophical (specifically epistemological) stance in phenomenological sociology in which social realities are seen as the product of sociohistorically situated practices rather than objective ...
conversation analysis

conversation analysis  

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A research method that takes conversations in real-life settings as the object of study, and as a window on to the roles, social relationships, and power relations of participants.Derived largely ...
definition of the situation

definition of the situation  

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A concept first developed by William Isaac Thomas and Florian Znaniecki in The Polish Peasant in Europe and America (1918–20), and now central to symbolic interactionism. It is the idea that people's ...
degradation ceremony

degradation ceremony  

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Introduced by Harold Garfinkel in his article on ‘Conditions of Successful Degradation Ceremonies’ (American Journal of Sociology, 1956), the term degradation ceremony (or ‘status degradation ...
dramaturgy

dramaturgy  

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[dram-ă-ter-ji]The theory and practice of drama, now usually called dramatics. A dramaturge or dramaturgist is a playwright, or in some contexts (especially German) a literary adviser or theatrical ...
emergence

emergence  

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Media studies
The creation of new phenomena, requiring new laws and principles, at each level of organization of a complex, and often non-linear, system. This concept from physics has been applied to ...
emergent properties

emergent properties  

In a hierarchical system, properties that are manifest at higher levels because they are formed by measures or processes involving aggregations of lower-level units. For example, in an ecological ...
Erving Goffman

Erving Goffman  

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(1922–82)The most influential micro-sociologist during the 1960s and 1970s, Goffman pioneered the dramaturgical perspective for sociology. The influences on his work were many. After completing his ...
everyday life

everyday life  

See also lived experience.1. Daily activities in the social world, and the field of enquiry for which this forms a focus.2. The realm of social life, the traditional focus of anthropology and ...

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