Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

Overview

symbol

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 46 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

allegory

allegory  

A story, poem, or picture which can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. The word comes (in late Middle English) via Old French and Latin from Greek ...
alphabet

alphabet  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1. A particular sequential arrangement of a set of letters or other graphic symbols used to write a language in which these graphemes are used to represent the basic speech sounds or phonemes.2. A ...
amulet

amulet  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An ornament or small piece of jewellery thought to give protection against evil, danger, or disease. The word is recorded from the late 16th century; it comes from Latin, but is of unknown origin.
Anthropology of religion

Anthropology of religion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In the co-ordinating of anthropology as a discipline in the later 19th cent., the study was concerned with what were thought to be ‘primitive’ religions, i.e. those which were believed ...
anthropomorphism

anthropomorphism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The representation of Gods, or nature, or non-human animals, as having human form, or as having human thoughts and intentions. Sometimes this is avowedly metaphorical, the problem being to understand ...
archetype

archetype  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An original which has been imitated; (in Jungian theory) a primitive mental image inherited from the earliest human ancestors, and supposed to be present in the collective unconscious.
art

art  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
It has been said that while the Greeks taught the holiness of beauty, the Hebrews taught the beauty of holiness. This is an unfortunate generalization, although it is true to say that the ancient. ...
bilingualism

bilingualism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Widespread bilingualism at some level was characteristic of the ancient world. Latin and esp. Greek were the languages of culture and education (in the Roman empire, Latin was the language of law and ...
Chicago Critics

Chicago Critics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A group of critics associated with the University of Chicago, who contributed to the volume Critics and Criticisms: Ancient and Modern (1952) edited by the most prominent figure, R. S. Crane. Other ...
collective unconscious

collective unconscious  

In analytical psychology, a part of the unconscious (2) additional to the personal unconscious, containing memories, instincts, and experiences that are shared by all people. According to Carl Gustav ...
condensation

condensation  

Compressing or making more compact. In psychoanalysis, the representation of several chains of mental associations by a single idea. This phenomenon is manifested in dreams (1), neurotic (1) or other ...
culture

culture  

The way of life of a people, including their attitudes, values, beliefs, arts, sciences, modes of perception, and habits of thought and activity. Cultural features of forms of life are learned but ...
deixis

deixis  

A term used in linguistics to denote those aspects of an utterance that refer to and depend upon the situation in which the utterance is made. Deictic words indicate the situational ‘co-ordinates’ of ...
displacement

displacement  

n. (in psychology) the substitution of one type of behaviour for another, usually the substitution of a relatively harmless activity for a harmful one; for example, kicking the cat instead of one’s ...
E

E  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A symbol used by scholars who follow the ‘documentary hypothesis’ of the origins of the Pentateuch (q.v.) to denote the Elohistic source. It is distinguished from ‘J’ by its regular use of Elohim ...
eagle

eagle  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1 Pediment of a temple, or, more especially, tympanum from the Greek ὰητόσ, ὰήτωμα.2 Gable.3 Reading-desk or lectern in a church, often in the form of an eagle, symbol of the Word and St John the ...
emblem

emblem  

A heraldic device or symbolic object as a distinctive badge of a nation, organization, or family. The word is recorded from the late 16th century (as a verb), and comes from Latin emblema ‘inlaid ...
Erving Goffman

Erving Goffman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1922–82)The most influential micro-sociologist during the 1960s and 1970s, Goffman pioneered the dramaturgical perspective for sociology. The influences on his work were many. After completing his ...
gesture

gesture  

A meaningful body movement, usually of the hand or head, though the term can include facial expression and expressive movements of the whole body. The main kinds of gestures are manual ones, ...
hermetisch

hermetisch  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An adjective first applied to modern German poetry c.1900. It is perhaps best translated as ‘cryptic’. German hermetic poetry has included, according to those using the term, work written by ...

View: