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Swabia

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Albert the Great

Albert the Great  

(1200–80),Dominican friar and bishop. A Swabian by birth, Albert joined the Dominicans at Padua in 1223 against the wishes of his noble family. After teaching at Hildesheim, Ratisbon, and Cologne, ...
Alsace

Alsace  

The territory between the Vosges Mountains, Rhine river, and Jura Mountains, known by the 7th century as ‘Alsace’. Roman military settlement in the area included a base at what would ...
Andechs dynasty

Andechs dynasty  

A noble dynasty with properties in western Bavaria (castle Andechs on the Ammersee), Tyrol (control of the Brenner Pass), and around Bamberg. Visible on the scene from the end of ...
Augsburg

Augsburg  

(city, bishopric) Attested since the 8th century on the site of Roman Augusta Vindelicorum. A document of 1156 confirms the bishop’s lordship, conditioned by the citizens’ community. An imperial city ...
Baden

Baden  

*Castle, dynasty of princes, and territory on the upper Rhine (Baden-Württemberg, Germany). The castle of Baden-Baden is located on the western foothills of the Black Forest on the banks of ...
Carolingians

Carolingians  

The Carolingian family left its direct mark on history from the early 7th c. until 987. In a first stage, it had acquired the political responsibilities that gradually made it ...
Constance

Constance  

The episcopal see of Constance was founded in the 7th century. Its bishops were often abbots of Sankt Gallen and Reichenau. Endowed with privileges, the city developed under Salomon III ...
Drang nach Osten

Drang nach Osten  

The former German policy of eastward expansion, especially that espoused under Nazi rule. The phrase is German, literally ‘pressure towards the east’.
duke

duke  

The title of duke, derived from the latin ‘dux’, is the highest in the peerage and until 1448 was restricted to members of the royal family. In that year, Henry VI created William de la Pole, who had ...
Ellwangen

Ellwangen  

Ellwangen, a Benedictine abbey that played an important religious and political role in Southern Germany, was founded in 764. Intended to demarcate the borders of the dioceses of Augsburg, Eichstätt ...
Frederick I

Frederick I  

(c. 1123–90)King of Germany and Holy Roman emperor (1152–90). He made a sustained attempt to subdue Italy and the papacy, but was eventually defeated at the Battle of Legnano in 1176. He was drowned ...
Gebhard of Constance

Gebhard of Constance  

(died 995)A member of the powerful Alemannian family of the Udalrichinger, Gebhard was consecrated bishop of Constance in 979; he received the ring and staff from the hands of ...
Gniezno

Gniezno  

50 km northeast of Poznań in Great Poland. By 940 a stronghold built by the Piasts became the centre of the first Polish state, where St Adalbert was buried (997) ...
Guelph

Guelph  

A member of one of two great factions in Italian medieval politics, traditionally supporting the Pope against the Holy Roman emperor (supported by the Ghibellines). The name comes through Italian ...
Habsburg

Habsburg  

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One of the principal dynasties of central Europe from medieval to modern times.Taking their name from a castle in Aargau, Switzerland, the family established a hereditary monarchy in Austria in 1282, ...
Hartmann von Aue

Hartmann von Aue  

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Literature
(c.1160–c.1220) MHG epic and lyric poet.In addition to providing his name and sphere of activity (Au), the prologues of the two of his works, Der arme Heinrich and Iwein ...
Henry III

Henry III  

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History
(1017–1056), German king and Holy Roman Emperor.Born on 28 October 1017, Henry succeeded his father, Conrad II, founder of the German royal dynasty of the Salians, when the latter ...
Hermann Contractus

Hermann Contractus  

(c.1013–1049)Hermann was the son of a count of Swabia. Paralytic from infancy, he was entrusted at the age of seven to the abbot of Reichenau, Berno, and remained in ...
Historia Welforum

Historia Welforum  

Narrative written c.1170 by an anonymous author, supposedly a cleric serving the Welf (Guelph) dynasty, relating the history of the Welfs from the Carolingians up to the 1160s and stressing ...
Hohenzollern

Hohenzollern  

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History
A German dynastic family from which came the kings of Prussia from 1701 to 1918 and German emperors (of whom the last was Kaiser Wilhelm II) from 1871 to 1918.

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