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adṛṣṭa

adṛṣṭa  

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Religion
(Skt., ‘unseen’).Unseen force; in Indian philosophy related to and sometimes synonymous with karma. It designates an imperceptible constraint on any given event, accounting for such forces as gravity ...
Amarāvatī

Amarāvatī  

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Religion
1 A name for the capital of Indra's heaven (Indraloka, svarga) and the home of the gods.2 An early Buddhist monastic site in Andhra Pradesh, notable for its great stūpa (intact until the 18th century ...
Apsarā

Apsarā  

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Religion
(Skt., ‘move in water’).The dancers in Indra's svarga (heaven) in Hinduism. They are frequently depicted in Hindu relief art. In Buddhism, they are depicted as richly adorned attendants on Sakka ...
apsaras

apsaras  

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Religion
(Skt.). Celestial nymphs who dwell in the heaven of the god Indra.
apūrva

apūrva  

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Religion
A concept developed by Pūrva Mīmāṃsā to explain the interval between the sacrifice and its result. According to Kumārila (in his Tantravārttika), a sacrificial action immediately produces a storable ...
Arjuna

Arjuna  

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A Kshatriya prince in the Mahabharata, one of the two main characters in the Bhagavadgita, the charioteer to whom Krishna gives counsel during the battle.
arthavāda

arthavāda  

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Religion
According to the Pūrva Mīmāṃsaka exegetes, arthavāda is the division of the Veda into which descriptive statements fall. Such statements complement injunctions (vidhis) and prohibitions ...
aśvattha

aśvattha  

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Religion
A sacred fig or pipal tree (also known as the bodhi tree), the roots of which are thought to be ‘above’ or in heaven (see, for example, the Kaṭha Upaniṣad 6.1, where it is identified with brahman ...
Bhīma

Bhīma  

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Religion
In the Mahābhārata, the second oldest Pāṇḍava, of the strong and wild warrior type, whose weapon, when not simply a tree trunk, is the mace.
Bhīṣma

Bhīṣma  

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Religion
In the Mahābhārata, the ‘Grandfather’ of the Pāṇḍavas and Kauravas. Really the sky god Dyaus (one of the eight Vasus: see ĀDITYAS) incarnate, Bhīṣma is born as the son of ...
Brahmaloka

Brahmaloka  

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Religion
The highest world or heaven in the cosmology of the Purāṇas, also known as ‘Satyaloka’ (‘the world of truth’). Whether this is the world of Brahmā, or of brahman (neut.), is ambiguous and is ...
Brahmāṇḍa

Brahmāṇḍa  

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A name given to the universe in Purāṇic cosmogony because Brahmā (equated here with Puruṣa) is said to be born from the eternal, unmanifest first cause inside a golden egg. (This is perhaps connected ...
Braj

Braj  

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The area surrounding the ancient city of Mathurā (now the western part of the Mathurā district of Uttar Pradesh) on the banks of the Yamunā river. Renowned as the district in which Kṛṣṇa-Gopāla grew ...
cāturmāsya

cāturmāsya  

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Religion
A sacrifice (yajña) requiring five priests; it may be performed three times a year on the full moon days at the beginning of spring, the rainy season, and autumn/winter as part of the duties of the ...
cosmology

cosmology  

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Religion
[Th]The world view and belief system of a community based upon their understanding of order in the universe.
deva

deva  

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Religion
Used generically to designate the supernatural and celestial beings, or ‘gods’, praised and invoked in the Ṛg Veda as a component part of the sacrificial ritual. Conventionally 33 in number, like ...
Devayāna

Devayāna  

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‘The path of the deva’, the way, in Hinduism, followed by the truly faithful after death, leading to the realization of Brahman. Less mythologically, it is the path of wisdom and spiritual ...
Draupadī

Draupadī  

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Also called Kṛṣṇā, the heroine of the Mahābhārata, princess of Pāñcāla. Born from a sacrificial altar, she is said to be an incarnation of the Goddess Śrī (Prosperity). Outside the Mahābhārata, ...
Duryodhana

Duryodhana  

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In the Mahābhārata, the eldest of the Kauravas. His magical ability to hide himself under the surface of a pool of water after most of his army has been destroyed ...
Ganges

Ganges  

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A river of northern India and Bangladesh, rising in the Himalayas and flowing south-east to the Bay of Bengal. The river is regarded by Hindus as sacred.

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