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affirmative action

affirmative action  

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Overview Page
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History
Any form of positive discrimination taken to assist or promote members of disadvantaged groups, e.g. under Affirmative Action (Equal Employment Opportunity for Women) Act 1986 (Cth). See ...
Baker v. Carr

Baker v. Carr  

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Overview Page
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Law
(USA, 1962)The first of a series of Supreme Court decisions which undermined the custom of manipulating legislative apportionments at state and federal levels for political or racial purposes. ...
Chartism

Chartism  

A UK parliamentary reform movement of 1837–48, the principles of which were set out in a manifesto called The People's Charter (the name is first used in an address of 1838 by the Chartist William ...
Civil Rights Cases

Civil Rights Cases  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
• 109 U.S. 3 (1883)• Vote: 8–1• For the Court: Bradley• Dissenting: HarlanThe Civil Rights Cases were five cases that the Supreme Court decided together. In all five situations, the ...
Civil Rights Movement

Civil Rights Movement  

A grouping devoted to political and social reform in Northern Ireland, led by the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association. NICRA was founded in Belfast early in 1967 by a group ...
Constitution of the United States

Constitution of the United States  

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Overview Page
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Law
The basic written set of principles and precedents of federal government in the US, which came into operation in 1789 and has since been modified by twenty-six amendments.Constitution State an ...
equality

equality  

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Overview Page
The state of being equal. In sociology, equality is viewed mainly in a social context and the lack of equality is regarded as being profoundly shaped by social structures.
female franchise

female franchise  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The right of women to vote in elections and stand for parliament. New Zealand and Australia were among the first nations to enact this right. South Australia allowed women to ...
Fifteenth Amendment

Fifteenth Amendment  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1870).This amendment to the U.S. Constitution declares that the right to vote shall not be denied or restricted by the federal or state governments on account of race. The ...
franchise

franchise  

The right to vote. Universal franchise is a modern phenomenon. In Britain, male franchise was extended in 1832, 1867, and 1884, and became universal in 1918; female franchise was granted in part in ...
Great Reform Act

Great Reform Act  

1832.The first major reform of the representative system since the time of Cromwell. Lord Grey saw reform as a means of satisfying the desire of the respectable middle classes for greater ...
Greenback Labor Party.

Greenback Labor Party.  

The Greenback Labor party represented a brief but potent Gilded Age expression of working-class anti-monopoly sentiment.In the aftermath of the depression of 1873, the formation of the agrarian-based ...
Harlan Fiske Stone

Harlan Fiske Stone  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(born Chesterfield, N.H., 11 October 1872; died Washington, D.C., 22 April 1946). He was a legal educator, lawyer, associate justice (1925–41), and chief justice (1941–46) of the U.S. Supreme Court. ...
Ida B. Wells-Barnett

Ida B. Wells-Barnett  

(1862–1931), African-American journalist and activist.Born in Holly Springs, Mississippi, and educated in a local freedmen's school, Ida Wells moved to Memphis, Tennessee, in 1884. Her activist ...
Mayflower Compact

Mayflower Compact  

(21 November 1620).The first written framework of government in English America, the Mayflower Compact was an agreement made among the forty-one adult male passengers aboard the Mayflower on arrival ...
Nannie Helen Burroughs

Nannie Helen Burroughs  

(b. 2 May 1879; d. 20 May 1961), religious leader, educator, political organizer, and civil rights activist.As a national leader in education at age twenty-one, Nannie Helen Burroughs was ...
Nineteenth Amendment

Nineteenth Amendment  

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History
Ratified in 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment inscribed women's right to vote into the U.S. Constitution. No other constitutional amendment required such a long, hard-fought struggle.The woman suffrage ...
Parliament, British

Parliament, British  

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History
The supreme legislature in Great Britain and Northern Ireland, comprising the sovereign, as head of state, and the two chambers, the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Together, these chambers ...
political Parties

political Parties  

In democratic societies, parties are organizations that link actors in civil society to the formal structures of government. Political parties typically form around groups that share values, ...
Popular Rights Movement

Popular Rights Movement  

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Overview Page
 The phrase jiyū minken undō, usually translated “popular rights movement,” is used by scholars to describe an assortment of political activists who worked for broader participation in the Japanese ...

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