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Stroop effect

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automatic processing

automatic processing  

Any information processing that occurs involuntarily and without conscious intention or control, as in the performance of well-practised activities such as seeing, reading, riding a bicycle, playing ...
automaticity

automaticity  

The ability to perform a task by automatic processing, independent of conscious control and attention. Strong automaticity is almost entirely automatic and can be carried out without attention. ...
cognition, unconscious

cognition, unconscious  

The unconscious mind was one of the most important ideas of the 20th century, influencing not just scientific and clinical psychology but also literature, art, and popular culture. Sigmund Freud ...
cognitive control and consciousness

cognitive control and consciousness  

In a forced‐choice reaction time task, responses are slower after an error. This is one example of dynamic adjustment of behaviour, i.e. control of cognitive processing, which according to Botvinick ...
colour

colour  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Created by the reactions of the human eye to certain properties possessed by an object when it reflects or emits light. More technically, colour is determined by ocular interpretation of ...
flanker compatibility effect

flanker compatibility effect  

A shorter choice reaction time in response to a target stimulus closely flanked by compatible than incompatible stimuli. For example, if target stimuli are presented in the middle of five-letter ...
priming

priming  

1 In a task involving recall, recognition, or some other form of cognitive performance, the provision of a contextual cue (3), prime (1), or prompt that provides information about either the identity ...
signal detection theory

signal detection theory  

A psychophysical theory of the detectability of stimuli developed in 1952–4 by a number of US researchers led by John A(rthur) Swets (born 1928), based on the assumptions that there is a normal ...
Simon effect

Simon effect  

The tendency for choice reaction time to be shorter and responses more accurate when stimulus (1) and response occur in the same relative location, even if location is irrelevant to the task. Thus, ...
Stroop effect

Stroop effect   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,526 words
Illustration(s):
1

Over 70 years ago, John Ridley Stroop (1935) published a dissertation that provided the point of origin for

synaesthesia

synaesthesia  

1 A sensory experience elicited by a stimulus in a different sensory modality, as when particular sounds evoke sensations of colour. See also chromaesthesia, photism (1).2 The experience of a ...

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