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Igor Stravinsky

(1882—1971) Russian-born composer, resident in the US from 1939

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Anton Webern

Anton Webern  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Vienna, 1883; d Mittersill, 1945).Austrian composer and conductor. Early tuition from his mother, a pianist. (Most of his works were written in her memory.) Studied at Klagenfurt with Edwin ...
Béla Bartók

Béla Bartók  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Nagyszentmiklós, Hungary (now Romania), 1881; d NY, 1945).Hung. composer, pianist, and folklorist. Parents were musical and mother gave him his first pf. lessons. In 1894 at Bratislava (then ...
Charles Ives

Charles Ives  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Danbury, Conn., 20 Oct. 1874; d New York, 19 May 1954)US composer. He wrote no ballet scores but his concert music has been used several times for dance, such as Balanchine's Ivesiana (New York ...
Eugene Goossens

Eugene Goossens  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b London, 1893; d Hillingdon, 1962).Eng. conductor, violinist, and composer, son of above. Violinist in Queen's Hall Orch. 1911–15. Ass. cond. to Beecham 1916–20. Cond. f. Eng. concert p. of ...
Frederick Ashton

Frederick Ashton  

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(b Guayaquil, Ecuador, 1904; d Eye, Suffolk, 1988).Eng. choreographer. Associated with SW (now Royal) Ballet from 1936. Ballets incl. Symphonic Variations, La Fille mal gardée, Façade, Horoscope, ...
Fyodor Stravinsky

Fyodor Stravinsky  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music, Opera
(b Rechitskiy, Minsk, 1843; d St Petersburg, 1902).Russ. bass, father of Igor Stravinsky. Sang Don Basilio in Il barbiere di Siviglia in student prod. 1873. Kiev 1873 (début as Rodolfo in La ...
George Balanchine

George Balanchine  

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Overview Page
1904–1983)Russian-born US dancer and choreographer.Son of a Georgian folk musician, Balanchine studied at the Imperial Ballet School and the Petrograd Conservatory of Music. In his early years he was ...
Georges Auric

Georges Auric  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(1899–1983)French composer, best known for his ballets and film scores.Born at Lodève, he studied first at the Montpellier Conservatory, then at the Paris Conservatoire (1913) and with Vincent d'Indy ...
Hans Werner Henze

Hans Werner Henze  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1926– )German composer. One of the most prolific of contemporary composers, he has a worldwide reputation as a conductor of his own works.Parental opposition to music as a career and to the arts in ...
Harrison Birtwistle

Harrison Birtwistle  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Accrington, 1934).Eng. composer. As clarinettist, entered RMCM 1952, studying comp. with Richard Hall. While still a student was one of Manchester New Music Group (with A. Goehr, P. Maxwell Davies ...
Jean Cocteau

Jean Cocteau  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b Maisons‐Laffitte, 1889; d Milly‐la‐forêt, 1963).Fr. poet, novelist, and playwright, often assoc. with mus. as librettist or propagandist. Wrote scenario for Satie's Parade (1917) and libs. for ...
John Tavener

John Tavener  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b London, 1944).Eng. composer and organist. Org., St John's, Kensington, 1960. Prof. of mus., TCL, 1969–74. Mus. of rich imaginative and eclectic resource and of profound religious spirit, as in ...
Léonide Massine

Léonide Massine  

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1896–1979)Russian dancer and choreographer. He became a naturalized French citizen in 1944.The son of a horn player and a singer in the chorus at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow, Massine attended the ...
Les Ballets Russes

Les Ballets Russes  

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Overview Page
*Ballet company that began as a tour to Paris in 1909 by dancers and opera singers from the Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg. The company lasted for twenty years, producing ...
Marino Marini

Marino Marini  

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Overview Page
(1901–1980)Italian sculptor, painter, and graphic artist, who belonged to no artistic movements or groups but is recognized as an outstanding creative sculptor.Marini was born in Pistoia. He studied ...
Maurice Béjart

Maurice Béjart  

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1927–2007)French dancer and choreographer.Maurice Béjart, son of the philosopher Gaston Berger, was born in Marseilles and studied dance in Paris and London. Having made his debut in Vichy in 1945, ...
Michel Fokine

Michel Fokine  

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Overview Page
1880–1942)Russian ballet dancer and choreographer who, under the patronage of Sergei Diaghilev, helped to revolutionize the ballet.Fokine studied at the Imperial Ballet School in St Petersburg and ...
movement, dance and drama

movement, dance and drama  

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Overview Page
Movement and sound start in the blood-beat and air-flow. Rhythm and melody are inherent in the pulse and in the in- and out-going of the breath. The demarcations of dance ...
music

music  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Music of the spheres the harmonious sound supposed to be produced by the motion of the concentric, transparent, hollow globes imagined by the older astronomers as revolving round the earth and ...
music theatre

music theatre  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A type of comp., sometimes quasi‐operatic but more usually a concert piece, for which a semi‐staged presentation is necessary. It developed after about 1950, esp. in USA and Ger. An Eng. example is ...

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