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Lord Strafford Thomas Wentworth

(1593—1641) lord lieutenant of Ireland

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absolutism

absolutism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A state-form typical of societies in the process of transition from feudalism to capitalism and in which power is concentrated in the person of a monarch, who has at his or her disposal a centralized ...
attainder

attainder  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The extinction of civil rights and powers when judgement of death or outlawry was recorded against a person convicted of treason or felony. It was the severest English common law penalty, for an ...
battle of Newburn

battle of Newburn  

1640.Though the battle of Newburn was little more than a skirmish, it helped to bring Charles I to the scaffold. The first Bishops' War in 1639 ended in negotiation, but the following year a large ...
Black Oath

Black Oath  

The popular name for the sworn abjuration of the Scots Presbyterian covenant. Scottish royalist settlers, orchestrated by Wentworth, requested that an oath be introduced for their countrymen as an ...
Boyle

Boyle  

One of the most important political dynasties of the 17th and 18th centuries. The founder of the family's fortune was Richard Boyle, 1st earl of Cork, whose material success and ...
Castle Chamber

Castle Chamber  

This prerogative court, modelled on the English Star Chamber, reflected an early modern concern for social control as well as the centralizing power of the state. An intention to separate ...
Charles I

Charles I  

(1600–49),king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625–49). Charles was the second son of James VI. Born in Scotland, he moved to England in 1604 after his father ascended the English throne. He ...
Church of Ireland

Church of Ireland  

Building on 4th‐cent. traces, Patrick evangelized Ireland (c.432) and developed a distinctively Celtic Christianity, but with the partial Anglo‐Norman conquest of Ireland the church again joined ...
civil wars

civil wars  

1642–51.In 1629 Charles I dismissed Parliament, resolving never to call another. He might have succeeded but for the problem of the multiple kingdoms. During the 1630s he decided to bring Scottish ...
Clanricard, Ulick Burke, 1st marquis of

Clanricard, Ulick Burke, 1st marquis of  

(1604–57).Clanricard died on his estates in Cromwellian England after an eventful career combining Catholicism and loyalty to the crown. He succeeded in the struggle, already joined by his father ...
Council of the North

Council of the North  

The chief arm of government in the turbulent northern shires of Yorkshire, Durham, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Northumberland in the Tudor and early Stuart period. As duke of Gloucester in Edward ...
Court of High Commission

Court of High Commission  

Known as such from c.1570, it emanated from earlier ecclesiastical commissions (after 1547), was given statutory authority (1559), reconstructed (1583), and exercised the ecclesiastical appellate and ...
Cranfield Commission

Cranfield Commission  

(1622),sent to Ireland by Lionel Cranfield, lord treasurer of England, when its government was close to bankruptcy and allegations of corruption widespread. Staffed by English and Irish experts, it ...
defective titles

defective titles  

A Commission for Defective Titles was first issued by James I in 1606 to enable his subjects ‘to quietly and privately enjoy their private estates and possessions’. The main object ...
Dillon

Dillon  

The family supposedly originated with Sir Henry de Leon's coming to Ireland as Prince John's secretary in 1185. He was granted lands in Longford, Westmeath, and Kilkenny. This marcher ...
Francis Annesley Mountnorris, Lord

Francis Annesley Mountnorris, Lord  

(1585–1660),best known for his struggle with Wentworth. Arriving in Ireland in 1606, he accumulated lands and offices, becoming secretary of state in 1618. He opposed Lord Deputy Falkland (1622–9) ...
Graces

Graces  

Concessions promised to Irish interest groups by Charles I but left largely unratified. The Old English used the war with Spain in 1625 to request concessions in return for subsidies. ...
impeachment

impeachment  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A formal accusation of wrongdoing. To impeach a public official is to accuse him of crimes or misdemeanours in the execution of his duties. Impeachment proceedings normally occur in the lower house ...
James Ussher

James Ussher  

(d. 1656)Irish Anglican archbishop, who produced a scheme of biblical chronology, beginning with Creation in 4004 bce, a date long perpetuated in editions of AV.
John Bramhall

John Bramhall  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1594–1663), Abp. of Armagh from 1661. He went to Ireland as Strafford's chaplain in 1633, becoming Bp. of Derry in 1634. He retired to England in 1642 and to the Continent in 1644. He devoted his ...

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