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Clyfford Still

(1904—1980)

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Abstract Expressionism

Abstract Expressionism  

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The dominant movement in American painting in the late 1940s and 1950s, characterized by a desire to convey powerful emotions through the sensuous qualities of paint, often on canvases of huge size. ...
Abstract Sublime

Abstract Sublime  

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A term coined c.1960 by the American art historian Robert Rosenblum (1927–2006) to characterize the feelings of vastness and solitude suggested by certain Abstract Expressionist paintings, for ...
Alfonso Ossorio

Alfonso Ossorio  

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(1916–90).Painter, assemblage artist, printmaker, and collector. An idiosyncratic artist with roots in surrealism, he contributed to abstract expressionism in the 1950s. Later, he concentrated on ...
Barnett Newman

Barnett Newman  

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(b New York, 29 Jan. 1905; d New York, 4 July 1970).American painter (and latterly sculptor), one of the leading figures of Abstract Expressionism and one of the initiators of Colour Field Painting. ...
Bay Area Figuration

Bay Area Figuration  

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A term applied to the work of a number of American painters active in the San Francisco Bay area in the 1950s whose paintings were figurative but strongly influenced by the broad and vigorous ...
Betty Parsons

Betty Parsons  

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(b New York, 31 Jan. 1900; d New York, 23 Aug. 1982).American art dealer, collector, painter, and sculptor. After Peggy Guggenheim closed her New York gallery in 1947, Parsons became for a few years ...
Irascible Eighteen

Irascible Eighteen  

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A group of American artists who in 1950 protested against the exhibition policy of the Metropolitan Museum, New York, demanding the formation of a department to show modern American art. A photograph ...
Irascibles

Irascibles  

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Fifteen painters, mostly leading abstract expressionists, who appeared together in a Life photograph taken by Russian-born staff photographer Nina Leen (c. 1909–95). Published in the magazine's issue ...
Jess

Jess  

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(1923–2004).Collage artist, painter, and sculptor. Drawing on symbolist and surrealist traditions, he created imaginative, evocative works independent of mainstream concerns. His most striking ...
Louise Nevelson

Louise Nevelson  

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(b Kiev, 23 Sept. 1899; d New York, 17 Apr. 1988).Russian-born American sculptor, painter, and printmaker. Her family emigrated to the USA in 1905 and she settled in New York in 1920. Her serious ...
Mark Rothko

Mark Rothko  

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(b Dvinsk [now Daugavpils, Latvia], 25 Sept. 1903; d New York, 25 Feb. 1970).Russian-born American painter, one of the outstanding figures of Abstract Expressionism and one of the creators of Colour ...
Morris Louis

Morris Louis  

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(b Baltimore, 28 Nov. 1912; d Washington, DC, 7 Sept. 1962).American painter, a major pioneer of the movement from Abstract Expressionism to Colour Stain Painting (see Colour Field Painting). Almost ...
New York School

New York School  

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Name applied to the innovatory painters, particularly the Abstract Expressionists, who worked in New York during the 1940s and 1950s and whose critical and financial success helped the city to ...
Peggy Guggenheim

Peggy Guggenheim  

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(1898–1979).Gallery owner, collector, and museum founder. An enthusiast for modern art, Guggenheim showed some of the most adventurous and important art of the early 1940s at her New York gallery, ...
Richard Diebenkorn

Richard Diebenkorn  

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(b Portland, Ore., 22 Apr. 1922; d Berkeley, 30 Mar. 1993).American painter, active in California for almost all his career, mainly in the San Francisco Bay area. From 1947 ...
Robert Motherwell

Robert Motherwell  

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(b Aberdeen, Wash., 24 Jan. 1915; d Provincetown, Mass., 16 July 1991).American painter, collagist, writer, editor, and teacher, one of the pioneers and principal exponents of Abstract Expressionism. ...
Ron Davis

Ron Davis  

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(1937– )American painter, born in Santa Monica and active mainly in Los Angeles. His early work was influenced by the Abstract Expressionist Clyfford Still, but in the mid-1960s he emerged as a ...
Solomon R. Guggenheim

Solomon R. Guggenheim  

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(1861–1949).Art collector and museum founder. Also a mining magnate and financier. Noted for its singular architecture and its collection of modern European art, New York's Solomon R. Guggenheim ...
Tony Smith

Tony Smith  

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(b South Orange, NJ, 23 Sept. 1912; d New York, 26 Dec. 1980).American sculptor, painter, and architect. He served an apprenticeship in architecture as clerk of works to Frank Lloyd Wright and ...
William Baziotes

William Baziotes  

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(b Pittsburgh, 11 June 1912; d New York, 4 June 1963).American painter, one of the minor masters of Abstract Expressionism. From 1936 to 1941 he worked for the Federal ...

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