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Stefan Bátory

(1533—1586)

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Antonio Possevino

Antonio Possevino  

(c.1533–1611),Jesuit missionary and papal diplomat, born in Mantua, where he entered the Jesuits in 1559. The following year he was sent to work amongst the Waldenses in Piedmont, and ...
filigree

filigree  

[De]A technique used in the manufacture of jewellery in which gold, electrum, or silver wire is bent into shape and then soldered onto an area of metal that is to be decorated. The technique was ...
Giorgio Biandrata

Giorgio Biandrata  

(c.1515–1588),Physician and Unitarian reformer, born in Saluzzo (then a marquisate in Piedmont). He studied arts and medicine at Montpellier, graduating in 1533, after which he practised medicine as ...
Giovanni Battista Mosto

Giovanni Battista Mosto  

(c.1550–1596),Italian composer and instrumentalist, who studied with Claudio Merulo and played cornett and trombone at the Munich court. He became maestro di cappella at Padua Cathedral in 1580 and ...
György Dózsa

György Dózsa  

(1470–1514),Hungarian peasant leader, born into a prominent Szekler family. He became a professional soldier, and in 1514 was appointed by Cardinal Tamás Bakócz, the Hungarian chancellor, to lead a ...
Henri III

Henri III  

(1551–89),King of France and Poland, was born at Fontainebleau, the third son of King Henri II and Catherine de Médicis, the younger brother of François (later Francis II) and ...
Jan Zamoyski

Jan Zamoyski  

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(1542–1605),Polish statesman. He was educated in Padua and Paris, and on returning to Poland in 1565 was appointed as secretary to King Sigismund II. He subsequently supported the election ...
Santi Gucci

Santi Gucci  

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(c.1530–1599/60),Italian sculptor and architect in Poland, born in Florence, where he trained in the workshop of his father Giovanni Gucci, who had worked on the restoration of Florence Cathedral. ...
Sixtus V

Sixtus V  

(1521–90), Pope from 1585. His pontificate was devoted to far-reaching reforms in the government of the Church and of the Papal States, ruthlessly implemented. He put the Papal finances on a sound ...

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