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Gertrude Stein

(1874—1946) American writer

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Aleatoric Processes

Aleatoric Processes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The Latin root for alea is a dice game: it represents an act of introducing elements of uncertainty in outcome with a predefined set of conditions. Chance, indeterminacy, and randomness ...
Alfred H. Maurer

Alfred H. Maurer  

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Overview Page
(1868–1932)American painter, a pioneer of modernism in his country. He was born in New York, son of Louis Maurer (1832–1932), a lithographer who worked for the famous Currier & Ives firm of popular ...
Alice B. Toklas

Alice B. Toklas  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1877–1967),San Francisco-born friend, constant companion, and secretary of Gertrude Stein from 1907 on. Gertrude Stein made her the ostensible author of The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1933), ...
Alta

Alta  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1942), poet, publisher, fiction writer, essayist, and editor.Alta, who discarded her surname, Gerrey, was born and raised in Reno, Nevada. She began her disobedient writing career at the ...
Ambroise Vollard

Ambroise Vollard  

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Overview Page
(b Saint-Denis, Réunion, Indian Ocean, 3 July 1866; d Paris, 22 July 1939).French dealer, connoisseur, publisher, and writer, one of the most important champions of avant-garde art in the ...
American Literature

American Literature  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
This entry contains two subentries: An Overview, Sea FictionAmerican sea literature has roots in Greek, Roman, Irish, and Norse mythology, the Bible, and the English Renaissance, whenever humans have ...
Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas

Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas  

Personal narrative by Gertrude Stein.
Bernard-Marie Koltès

Bernard-Marie Koltès  

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Overview Page
(b. Metz, France, 9 April 1948; d. Paris, 18 April 1989)Playwright. In plays both lyrical and harsh, mingling Genet's influence and that of other cultures with an austere classicism ...
Bildungsroman

Bildungsroman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The term applied to novels of ‘education’ (in the widest sense), of which many of the best examples are German. Wieland's Agathon (1765–6) is usually thought of as the first example of the genre, but ...
Bill Knott

Bill Knott  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1940– ),was born in Michigan, and spent some of his childhood on a Michigan farm. His mother died when he was 6, his father when he was 11, and he ...
Botho Strauss

Botho Strauss  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1944– ),German playwright, novelist, and poet, whose non-naturalistic plays scathingly attack modern materialism. After co-editing Theatre Today, 1967–70, he wrote The Hypochondriacs (1972) and ...
bp Nichol

bp Nichol  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1944–1988),Canadian writer, born in Vancouver, educated at the University of British Columbia. Nichol first achieved recognition for ‘concrete’ poems which express their thought through physical ...
Bruno Ganz

Bruno Ganz  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1941– )Swiss-born German actor. As the current bearer of the Iffland-Ring, Ganz can be officially considered the most important living German stage actor. He came to attention in 1969 in ...
Bryher

Bryher  

The pseudonym, adopted from the name of one of the Isles of Scilly, of (Annie) Winifred Ellerman (1894–1983), novelist, poet, and patron of the arts. The daughter of a wealthy shipping magnate, she ...
Camera Work

Camera Work  

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Overview Page
Magazine published between 1903 and 1917. Founded and edited by Alfred Stieglitz, it was conceived as a journal of photography to serve the Photo-Secession. Before long, as Stieglitz's interests ...
canon

canon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A body of approved works, comprising either (i) writings genuinely considered to be those of a given author; or (ii) writings considered to represent the best standards of a given literary ...
Carl Van Vechten

Carl Van Vechten  

(1880–1964),born in Iowa, graduated from the University of Chicago (1903), and became assistant music critic for the New York Times and dramatic critic for the New York Press. His critical articles ...
Cesare Pavese

Cesare Pavese  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1908–1950)Italian novelist, poet, and critic. The elegance and clarity of his prose goes far beyond simple realism; the quietly disturbing imagery of deserted roads and towns and of emptiness in ...
Childermass

Childermass  

A novel by W. Lewis, published in 1928. The novel, the first part of Lewis's unfinished tetralogy The Human Age, is his most idiosyncratic—even eccentric—work. Part surrealist fantasy, part polemic ...
concrete poetry

concrete poetry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A term used to describe a kind of experimental poetry developed in the 1950s and flourishing in the 1960s, which dwells primarily on the visual aspects of the poem. Concrete poets experiment with ...

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