Update

Overview

status

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 90 entries

View:

achieved status

achieved status  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A high social status acquired by individual effort or open competition (for example, through winning at sport), rather than from the status the person is born with. Compare ascribed status.
age-sets

age-sets  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Broad age-bands that define the social status, permitted roles, and activities of those belonging to them. Transitions from one age-grade to the next are often major collectively organized social ...
anticipatory socialization

anticipatory socialization  

Adoption of attitudes and values of a group to which one does not belong, serving the twin functions of facilitating a move into that group and easing the process of adjustment after becoming a ...
ascribed status

ascribed status  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In allocating roles and statuses, or imputing allegedly natural behaviours, cultures make varying use of kinship, age, sex, and ethnicity. Such ascribed characteristics cannot be changed by ...
asymmetrical relationships

asymmetrical relationships  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also communication network; relational communication; social networks.1. In communication, unequal status or power relations between participants, whose roles are termed superior (or ...
caste

caste  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
[De]A form of stratification in which an individual's social position is fixed at birth and cannot be changed. There is virtually no intermarriage between the members of different caste groups.
class situation

class situation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Class situation was defined by Max Weber as the particular causal component in life-chances that results from a person's location in property and market relations. Marxists call this class position ...
clergy

clergy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The body of all people ordained for religious duties, especially in the Christian Church. Recorded from Middle English, the word comes via Old French, based on ecclesiastical Latin clericus ...
closure

closure  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Identified in the writings of Max Weber, and more recently resurrected by the British sociologist Frank Parkin, the concept emerged as an alternative to Marxist theories of inequality and of how the ...
codes of looking

codes of looking  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Culturally variable social norms, conventions, and taboos regarding those at whom we may look and the nature and duration of that look (see gaze; glance), including whether or not we may make eye ...
complementary relationships

complementary relationships  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Interactional partnerships in a dyad based on unequal status or power and employing communication styles that reflect this. One partner is dominant or active and the other is subordinate or passive ...
conspicuous consumption

conspicuous consumption  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Spending on goods and services primarily to display income or wealth, or to attain a certain social status.
consumer culture

consumer culture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also advertising cultures; taste.1. A pejorative reference to modern Western society in terms of its domination by the marketing and consumption of goods and services (see also promotional ...
consumption sectors

consumption sectors  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Social divisions created by the way in which material goods and services—especially major items such as housing, health, and education—are consumed in advanced capitalist societies.The possible ...
contradictory class location

contradictory class location  

Reference type:
Overview Page
During the 1970s class analysis (particularly of a Marxist kind) was preoccupied with the problem of assigning class situations to those ‘intermediate’ roles (such as manager, supervisor, or salaried ...
credentialism

credentialism  

Is reliance on formal credentials (particularly examination certificates) to make selection decisions. It is a term with a critical edge: it suggests that paper qualifications are not a good ...
cultural capital

cultural capital  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A term introduced by Pierre Bourdieu to refer to the symbols, ideas, tastes, and preferences that can be strategically used as resources in social action. He sees this cultural capital as a ...
degradation ceremony

degradation ceremony  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Introduced by Harold Garfinkel in his article on ‘Conditions of Successful Degradation Ceremonies’ (American Journal of Sociology, 1956), the term degradation ceremony (or ‘status degradation ...
disclosure

disclosure  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.1 (in contract law)See nondisclosure; uberrimae fidei.2 (in company law)a. A method of protecting investors that relies on the company disclosing and publishing information, which is then evaluated ...
dominance

dominance  

1 The possession of high social status within an animal group that exhibits social organization; it is often achieved and sustained by aggression toward inferior individuals. See pecking order.2 See ...

View: