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Abwehr

Abwehr  

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Overview Page
(Ger.: Abwehr, defence),the German intelligence and counter-intelligence service, 1920–45. The Abwehr served several political masters, being founded, against the spirit of the Versailles Treaty, in ...
Adolf Eichmann

Adolf Eichmann  

(1906–1962)German Nazi leader responsible for carrying out Hitler's final solution to the Jewish problem.Born in Solingen in the Rhineland, Eichmann grew up in Linz. He attended school in Thuringia ...
Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler  

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(1889–1945)German chancellor and Nazi leader (1933–45). One of the most powerful and evil leaders in the history of the world, he achieved a following in Germany and his native Austria that enabled ...
Albert Speer

Albert Speer  

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(1905–81)German Nazi leader. He was the official architect for the Nazi Party, designing the grandiose stadium at Nuremberg (1934). An efficient organizer, he became (1942) Minister for Armaments and ...
Ardennes campaign

Ardennes campaign  

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Overview Page
(also called Battle of the Bulge) (16–26 December 1944) The last serious German counter offensive against Allied armies advancing into Germany in World War II (Normandy Campaign). It resulted from a ...
Arthur Seyss-Inquart

Arthur Seyss-Inquart  

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(b. 22 July 1892, d. 16 Oct. 1946).Austrian Nazi leader Born into the German minority in Stannern (Moravia), he qualified and practised as a lawyer in Vienna. As an active member of various Fascist ...
Auschwitz

Auschwitz  

A Nazi concentration camp in the Second World War, near the town of Oświęcim (Auschwitz) in Poland. It may be referred to as a symbol of the Holocaust.
Black Book

Black Book  

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Overview Page
The Sonderfahndungliste GB (Special Search List GB) which was prepared by the SS functionary Walter Schellenberg in May 1940. It was a list of 2,820 British subjects and European exiles ...
blackshirt

blackshirt  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
The colloquial name given to the Squadre d'Azione (Action Squad), the national combat groups, founded in Italy in 1919. Organized along paramilitary lines, they wore black shirts and patrolled cities ...
Brandenburgers

Brandenburgers  

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Overview Page
A German commando force used to facilitate the German advance or to hinder the opposing side's movement by employment of special weapons, co-operation with undercover agents and ruses de guerre ...
British Free Corps

British Free Corps  

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(BFC),unit formed in Germany in 1944 from British and Dominion prisoners-of war to fight in the German–Soviet war. It was the idea of a British renegade, John Amery, who ...
Brownshirt

Brownshirt  

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History
Member of an early Nazi paramilitary organization, the Sturmabteilung or SA (‘assault division’). The Brownshirts, recruited from various rough elements of society, were founded by Adolf Hitler in ...
concentration camp

concentration camp  

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Originally a place in which non-combatants were accommodated, as instituted by Lord Kitchener during the Second Boer War (1899–1902). The Boers, mainly women and children, were placed there ...
Death's Head Corps

Death's Head Corps  

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Were concentration camp guards. Commanded by Theodor Eicke, in November 1939 they were formed into the Tokenkopf Division which became part of the Waffen-SS.
deportation

deportation  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.The removal from a state of a person whose initial entry into that state was illegal (compare expulsion). In the UK this is authorized by the Immigration Act 1971, as amended by the Immigration and ...
Disarmed Enemy Forces

Disarmed Enemy Forces  

DEF official designation of German soldiers who surrendered to the Allies at the end of World War II in Europe and were subsequently held under abominable conditions in camps in ...
ENIGMA

ENIGMA  

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A machine used by the Germans before and during World War II to encode strategic messages. The code was broken by a British intelligence project known as ULTRA.
Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Ernst Kaltenbrunner  

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(1903–46),the son of an Austrian lawyer who followed in his father's footsteps in 1921 when he began studying law at Graz. He joined the Austrian Nazi Party in 1930 ...
Ernst Röhm

Ernst Röhm  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(Munich, 1887–1934, Munich),a regular army officer, served in the infantry in the 1914–18 War, joining a Freikorps in 1919. Röhm, a man of ruthless brutality and drive, was an ...
Estonia

Estonia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The wealthiest of the Baltic states, Estonia has enjoyed a close cultural and linguistic relationship with Finland.Early historyColonized by the Teutonic Order of Knights from 1346, Estonia became ...

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