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African-American Oral Tradition

African-American Oral Tradition  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
I thought about the tales I had heard as a child. How even The Bible was made over to suit our vivid imagination—Zora Neale HurstonThe African-American oral tradition is ...
Alfred Russel Wallace

Alfred Russel Wallace  

(1823–1913)British naturalist, who in 1848 went on an expedition to the Amazon, and in 1854 travelled to the Malay Archipelago. There he noticed the differences between the animals of Asia and ...
Charles Kingsley

Charles Kingsley  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1819–75).Vicar of Eversley (Hants), social reformer, novelist, and ‘muscular Christian’. Influenced by F. D. Maurice and Thomas Carlyle, Kingsley became a leading spirit in the Christian socialist ...
Christianity in Brazil

Christianity in Brazil  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The conversion of Brazil was effected mainly by the Jesuits, who founded the city of São Paulo in 1554. The influx of slaves from Africa, who were forcibly converted to Christianity, produced a ...
Cornhill Magazine

Cornhill Magazine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1860–1975),a literary periodical, began with Thackeray as editor and specialized in the serialization of novels. Trollope's Framley Parsonage was succeeded by the novels of, among others, Mrs ...
David Masson

David Masson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1822–1907),biographer, critic, journalist, was successively professor of English literature at University College London (1853) and Edinburgh University (1865). He is remembered for his standard ...
Elizabeth Blackwell

Elizabeth Blackwell  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1821–1910)US physician. She was the first woman to gain a degree in medicine in the USA. Born in Bristol, England, she emigrated with her family to the USA in 1832. After her father's death she ...
Frederic William Henry Myers

Frederic William Henry Myers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1843–1901),poet and scholar: educ. Cambridge (Trinity College); Fellow at Cambridge (Trinity College) 1865; invites George Eliot to Cambridge (Trinity College).
James Byrne

James Byrne  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1820–97)James Byrne was born in Carlow and died in Ergenagh, Omagh on 23 October 1897. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, of which he became a Fellow in ...
James Nayler

James Nayler  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.1618–60), Quaker. He retired from the Parliamentary army in 1651 and in the same year he was convinced by G. Fox of the Quaker doctrine of the Inner (or Inward) Light. At the outset he was second ...
metempsychosis

metempsychosis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The supposed transmigration at death of the soul of a human being or animal into a new body of the same or a different species, chiefly in Pythagoreanism and certain Eastern religions.
Richard Alliott

Richard Alliott  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1804–63)Richard Alliott was born in Nottingham on 1 September 1804 and died in Birmingham on 20 December 1863. The son and grandson of Congregational ministers, he was educated at ...
Robert Chambers

Robert Chambers  

(1802–71)The author of Chambers's Encyclopaedia, who in 1844 published anonymously a book called Vestiges of a Natural History of Creation, in which he revived the idea of evolution first proposed by ...
Robert Owen

Robert Owen  

(1771–1858)Welsh social reformer. Owen is best remembered as a campaigner against the abuses of the industrial revolution, and for the model cotton factory he set up in New Lanark. In political ...
Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge

Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1851–1940) British physicist,who became principal of the then-new Birmingham University in 1900. His best-known work was in radio, particularly his invention in 1894 of the ‘coherer’, used as a ...
social reformers

social reformers  

In pre-Confederation British North America, opinion leaders regarded individual lack of morality rather than the social system as the cause of poverty. While organized charities and spontaneous ...
Society for Psychical Research

Society for Psychical Research  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
On 6 January 1882 William Barrett, a professor of physics at the Royal College of Science in Dublin who had been engaged in experiments concerning thought-transference, convened a conference to ...
spiritual

spiritual  

An African-American musical tradition rooted in slave folk songs. Controversy surrounded the Christianization of slaves in the mid–seventeenth century. Many slaveowners argued that slaves did not ...
Spiritual Narratives

Spiritual Narratives  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The spiritual narrative has been one of the forms of expression most available to ordinary American women over the past 350 years—available to them even when at times other public ...
spiritualism

spiritualism   Reference library

Deborah Gorham

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
449 words
The belief that it is possible for the living to contact the dead had many adherents in the 19th and early 20th centuries. In North America and Britain it frequently attracted ... More

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