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Baruch Spinoza

(1632—1677) Dutch philosopher, of Portuguese-Jewish descent

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Absolute Idealism

Absolute Idealism  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
19th-century version of idealism in which the world is equated with objective or absolute thought, rather than with the personal flux of experience, as in subjective idealism. The doctrine is the ...
acosmism

acosmism  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Denial of the reality of the material world. The term was originally applied or misapplied to Spinoza, but in the nineteenth century was also used to characterize the other worldliness of ...
Amor Dei

Amor Dei  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A historical novel by E. G. Kolbenheyer, published in 1908. Its central figure is the philosopher Spinoza.
Arne Naess

Arne Naess  

A Norwegianphilosopher, alpine climber, and influential environmental thinker (1912–2009), who coined the term deep ecology to express a vision of the world in which we protect the environment as a ...
Arnold Geulincx

Arnold Geulincx  

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Religion
(1624–69)Born in Antwerp, Geulincx studied and taught at Louvain, until in 1658 he was deprived of his chair. Leaving Louvain he settled at Leiden, where he became a Calvinist. He is principally ...
Bernard Nieuwentijt

Bernard Nieuwentijt  

(1654–1718), Dutch physicist and theologian. The son of a Protestant pastor, Nieuwentijt (also spelled Nieuwentyt) was born in West-Graftdijk, a little village in the north of the province of ...
Berthold Auerbach

Berthold Auerbach  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(Nordstetten, Black Forest, 1812–82, Cannes),whose real name was Moyses Baruch, came of a poor Jewish family and was originally intended to be a rabbi. He turned away, however, from ...
Biosophy: The Work of Frederick Kettner

Biosophy: The Work of Frederick Kettner  

Biosophy, as described by its founder, Dr. Frederick Kettner, is the science and art of intelligent living based on the awareness and practice of spiritual values, ethical-social principles, and ...
Cartesianism

Cartesianism  

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Subject:
Philosophy
The philosophical principles embodied in the teaching of R. Descartes.
Christiaan Huygens

Christiaan Huygens  

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(1629–95) Dutch astronomer and physicist,who worked at the Academy of Science in Paris from 1666 to 1681. Returning to The Hague, his birthplace, in 1657, he designed the first pendulum clock and ...
Collegiants

Collegiants  

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Subject:
Religion
An obscure offshoot of the Remonstrants (q.v.), founded in the Netherlands c.1619, and so called because they termed their communities ‘colleges’. They held that the Church was an invisible society ...
conatus

conatus  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
In Spinoza the endeavour of anything to persist in its own being, which we are aware of as the drive to self-preservation.
deus sive natura

deus sive natura  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(Latin, god or nature)The slogan of Spinoza's pantheism: the view that god and nature are interchangeable, or that there is no distinction between the creator and the creation.
Dichtung und Wahrheit

Dichtung und Wahrheit  

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Literature
Form in which the title of Goethe's autobiography Aus meinem Leben. Dichtung und Wahrheit is usually quoted. It deals with Goethe's early life up to his departure for Weimar in ...
environmental ethics

environmental ethics  

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Subject:
Religion
A search for moral values and ethical principles in human relations with the natural world. See also ethics, land ethcs, stewardship.
Erwin Guido Kolbenheyer

Erwin Guido Kolbenheyer  

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Subject:
Literature
(Budapest, 1878–1962, Munich),was a student at Vienna University and hoped for an academic career; he gave up this ambition after the success of his earliest works, and devoted himself ...
excommunication

excommunication  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The exclusion of a person from the communion of the Church, imposed by an ecclesiastical court for offences ranging from non‐attendance at church to heresy. Christian burial was denied to ...
Exile

Exile  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The phrase is used absolutely of the captivity of the Jews in Babylon from c.586 to c.539 bc.
Ezra

Ezra  

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Subject:
Religion
Jewish priest and scribe. His activities are recorded in the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah and 1 Esdras. He took measures to ensure the racial purity and distinctiveness of the Jewish people. The ...
Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher

Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1768–1834)German absolute idealist and theologian. Schleiermacher was born in Breslau, and educated at the university of Halle. He worked mainly in Berlin, and his philosophy represents many of the ...

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