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Altruism and aggression

Altruism and aggression  

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Overview Page
Looking for the origins of those human alternativesAt the end of the 19th century Peter Kropotkin, a prince of Russia who had turned anarchist, fetched up in the UK. ...
apoplexy

apoplexy  

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An obsolete medical term referring to a sudden loss of consciousness and paralysis, probably due to cerebral haemorrhage. Now generally used to mean a state of extreme agitation or rage.
brainstem

brainstem  

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n. the enlarged extension upwards within the skull of the spinal cord, consisting of the medulla oblongata, the pons, and the midbrain. The pons and medulla are together known as the bulb, or bulbar ...
breathing

breathing  

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(breeth-ing)the alternation of active inhalation of air into the lungs through the mouth or nose with the passive exhalation of the air. Breathing is part of respiration and is sometimes called ...
cerebral palsy

cerebral palsy  

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A disorder of movement and/or posture as a result of nonprogressive but permanent damage to the developing brain. This damage may occur before, during, or immediately after delivery and has many ...
Composition

Composition  

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Subject:
Linguistics
[This entry comprises two articles. The first article provides a brief overview. The second article describes a history of English departments in the United States.]An overviewHistory of English ...
Contingency and Probability

Contingency and Probability  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
For Aristotle (384–322 bce), the contingent is the unproblematic scene of rhetoric. This Aristotelian connection between the scene and agency (or practice), originally put into play to blunt Plato's ...
development and growth: early childhood

development and growth: early childhood  

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The transformation that occurs in the first five years of life is extraordinary. William Blake speaks of the baby at the time of birth:My mother groan'd: My father weptInto the ...
development and growth: school age and adolescence

development and growth: school age and adolescence  

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Growth is a complex biological phenomenon and is a vital part of a child's development. The rapid growth of childhood depends on increases both in the number of cells and ...
Eighteenth-century rhetoric

Eighteenth-century rhetoric  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Began with stylistic and neoclassical theories established in centuries past and ended with the redefinition of classical doctrines according to the “science of human nature.” In the ...
epilepsy

epilepsy  

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A disorder of cerebral function accompanied by recurrent seizures and sometimes loss of consciousness. The severity varies (grand mal, Jacksonian epilepsy, MERRF syndrome, myoclonic epilepsy of ...
grammar

grammar  

The whole system and structure of a language or of languages in general, usually taken as consisting of syntax and morphology (including inflections) and sometimes also phonology and semantics; ...
handedness

handedness  

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n. the preferential use of one hand, rather than the other, in voluntary actions. Ambidexterity – the ability to use either hand with equal skill – is very rare. Over 95% of right-handed people and ...
Human origins

Human origins  

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Why most of those exhumations are only of great-auntsFollow the düssel stream east from Düsseldorf in Germany and you soon come to an adjacent gorge called Neanderthal. In a ...
language

language  

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Subject:
History
The principal languages of early modern Europe consist of six language families (Germanic, Romance, Slavic, Balto-Slavic, Finno-Ugric, and Celtic), a number of isolates (Greek, Albanian, Basque, and ...
language and the brain

language and the brain  

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Injury to the brain caused by stroke or trauma can disrupt a person's ability to speak, to understand language, or both. Language disorders known as aphasias, resulting from neurological damage ...
larynx

larynx  

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The upper part of the windpipe, behind the Adam's apple, containing and protecting the vocal folds. Its non-technical name is the voice box. [From Greek larynx the throat]
lip-reading

lip-reading  

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Overview Page
The common understanding is that lip-reading is trying to understand speech by watching the lip and mouth movements of someone speaking when the normal accompanying speech sounds cannot be heard. ...
Modern rhetoric

Modern rhetoric  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Modern Western rhetoric is a twentieth-century phenomenon with roots in the nineteenth century. It emerged out of intellectual developments in linguistics, philosophy, and literary theory, and out of ...
mouth

mouth  

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The opening of the alimentary canal, which in most animals is used for the ingestion of food. It leads to the buccal cavity (mouth cavity).

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