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academy

academy  

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Overview Page
The philosophical school of Plato; Akadēmeia was the name of the garden where Plato originally taught, named after the hero Akadēmos.
actor-network theory

actor-network theory  

(ANT),insists that researchers should refute all pre-given distinction between classes of possible actors, rejecting artificial divides such as local/global, agency/structure, natural/social, and so ...
Auguste Comte

Auguste Comte  

(1798 –1857)A French philosopher who, with Claude-Henri Saint-Simon, founded positivism as a philosophy of science, an ideology of progress, and a humanist religion. Comte also coined the term ...
belief

belief  

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Any proposition (1) that is accepted as true on the basis of inconclusive evidence. A belief is stronger than a baseless opinion but not as strong as an item of knowledge. More generally, belief is ...
clubs for music-making

clubs for music-making  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Musical clubs have long played a considerable part in the cultural and social development of music among European communities. The earliest of which we have much knowledge were the German ...
community

community  

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Overview Page
Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and face-to-face ...
conservatism

conservatism  

A prudent and not overoptimistic view of the state of affairs of a company or other organization. Because it is regarded as imprudent to distribute to shareholders profits that may not materialize, ...
desiring-production

desiring-production  

The term used by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari in L'Anti-Oedipe (1972), translated as Anti-Oedipus (1977), for the process of desire. In spite of the title of their book, Deleuze and Guattari are ...
desublimation

desublimation  

Herbert Marcuse's term for the process whereby art (in the strictest sense) is rendered banal and powerless. In One-Dimensional Man (1964), his million-selling account of the changes to society ...
Émile Durkheim

Émile Durkheim  

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(1858–1917)French sociologist and one of the founding fathers of modern sociology.After he graduated from the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, Durkheim taught sociology first at the University of ...
function

function  

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Overview Page
Although the use of the concepts of function and functionalism is usually associated with the work of Talcott Parsons in modern sociology, there is a long tradition of functional explanation in ...
general will

general will  

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(French volonté générale)Term used by Rousseau to denote the will of society as manifested through its political institutions, as opposed to the ‘will of all’, which is the preference of members on ...
government

government  

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Sometimes central government only; on other occasions general government. This is the total of all levels of government, including central and local government, and state governments in federal ...
Herbert Spencer

Herbert Spencer  

(1820–1903)British philosopher and sociologist. He was an early adherent of evolutionary theory, which he set down in his Principles of Psychology (1855). Spencer embraced Darwin's theory of natural ...
historical materialism

historical materialism  

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Subject:
Philosophy
The classical Marxist view of history. It is described by Engels in the introduction to Socialism: Utopian and Scientific as seeking ‘the ultimate cause and the great moving power of all important ...
institution

institution  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In most everyday usage, organizations (such as schools, banks, hospitals, prisons, and broadcasting corporations).2. (social institutions) (social sciences) A term frequently used loosely to refer ...
labelling theory

labelling theory  

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The hypothesis, which originated in sociology in the 1950s, that the social attribution of deviant identities to individuals or groups is a self-fulfilling prophecy leading to the amplification of ...
Louis Althusser

Louis Althusser  

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(1918–1990)French Marxist philosopher, whose writings were widely influential in continental philosophy until he was declared insane.Born near Algiers, Althusser studied philosophy at the École ...
misrecognition

misrecognition  

A process of self-identification in which a subject assumes an identity they mistake for their own. The concept derives from Jacques Lacan's account of the mirror stage of childhood development in ...
plural societies

plural societies  

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Societies which are divided into different linguistic, ethnic, religious, or racial groups and communities. Arguably, this description could apply to almost any society, with the result that the term ...

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