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social order

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abduction

abduction  

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Subject:
Law
N.Wrongfully taking away or detaining another person, usually by force or fraud. See child abduction; false imprisonment; kidnapping.
authority

authority  

Legitimate power, decision-making capacity, and the means to cause others to obey. The word applies both to the abstract quality and to the individual or organization in command.
carnival

carnival  

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A period of public revelry at a regular time each year, as during the week before Lent in Roman Catholic countries, involving processions, music, dancing, and the use of masquerade. Recorded from the ...
castellany

castellany  

The basic comital territorial structure of Flanders from 993/4 on. The original military function broadened later into economic and judicial administration. Its court handled civil and criminal ...
consensus

consensus  

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1. General agreement about some issue within a group or in public opinion: compare dissensus.2. Shared ideas, norms, and values in a society (for functionalists, particularly Parsons, the basis of ...
consumption

consumption  

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1 The process of using resources to satisfy human wants or needs.2 In water supply, the fraction of the water that is not available for use by humans.
division of labour

division of labour  

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Is the extent to which jobs in an organization are subdivided into separate tasks. [See scientific management, Fordism, and job redesign.]
dominant ideology thesis

dominant ideology thesis  

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Proponents of the thesis identify ideology, a term used (in this context) synonymously with concepts such as shared belief systems, ultimate values, and common culture, as the mainstay of social ...
Elton Mayo

Elton Mayo  

(1880–1949)Founder of human relations theory. He led the interpretation of the Hawthorne Studies and worked closely with Lloyd Warner at Chicago University. His work stressed the importance of the ...
Émile Durkheim

Émile Durkheim  

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(1858–1917)French sociologist and one of the founding fathers of modern sociology.After he graduated from the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, Durkheim taught sociology first at the University of ...
ethnomethodology

ethnomethodology  

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The study of common social knowledge, in particular as it concerns the understanding of others and the varieties of circumstance in which it can take place.
eufunction

eufunction  

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A eufunctional activity (from the Greek eu meaning ‘well’) is one which contributes to the maintenance or survival of another social activity or of the social system as a whole. The term is now ...
functional theory of stratification

functional theory of stratification  

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Overview Page
In a classic article outlining ‘Some Principles of Stratification’ (American Sociological Review, 1945), Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore argued that unequal social and economic rewards were an ...
hegemony

hegemony  

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A term especially associated with Gramsci, to whom it denotes the concealed domination of all the positions of institutional power and influence by members of just one class. The hegemony of one ...
heraldry

heraldry  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
The study of coats of arms worn for individual identification, and of the accessories of crests, badges, mottoes, and flags that accompanied them. Its origins are military. Soldiers in armour and ...
James S. Coleman

James S. Coleman  

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(1926–95)A much honoured American sociologist, prolific author and co-author of numerous monographs and scholarly papers (some 28 books and more than 300 articles), who was for much of his ...
Jan Hus

Jan Hus  

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Subject:
History
(1373–1415).Bohemian Christian Reformer. An ordained priest and popular preacher, he came to accept some of Wycliff's teachings as they were disseminated in early 15th-cent. Bohemia. The propagation ...
organic analogy

organic analogy  

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An analogy between social and natural systems. Plato's analogy between the healthy individual and the well-run state is an example, and many others can be found in classical and modern social ...
over-socialized conception of man

over-socialized conception of man  

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A phrase devised by the American sociologist Dennis Hume Wrong, as part of his critique of functionalism in general, and the sociology of Talcott Parsons in particular. Wrong rejected Parsons's views ...
Revolts

Revolts  

The Middle Ages were punctuated by episodes of collective violence against the established powers, as numerous as they were brief and doomed to failure. But the insufficiency of the evidence ...

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