Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

Overview

social contract

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 39 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Archibald Garden Wernham

Archibald Garden Wernham  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1916–89)Archibald Garden Wernham was born in Kirkcaldy in 1916 and died in Aberdeen on 7 May 1989. He was educated at Robert Gordon's College in Aberdeen, at the University ...
authority

authority  

Legitimate power, decision-making capacity, and the means to cause others to obey. The word applies both to the abstract quality and to the individual or organization in command.
conservatism

conservatism  

A prudent and not overoptimistic view of the state of affairs of a company or other organization. Because it is regarded as imprudent to distribute to shareholders profits that may not materialize, ...
constitution

constitution  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.The rules and practices that determine the composition and functions of the organs of central and local government in a state and regulate the relationship between the individual and the state. ...
contract

contract  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A legally binding agreement between parties, customarily a written document that has been signed by the parties to the agreement, and preferably witnessed.
contractarianism

contractarianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A contractarian approach to problems of ethics asks what solution could be agreed upon by contracting parties, starting from certain idealized positions (for example, no ignorance, no inequalities of ...
convention

convention  

1 A formal gathering of people such as members of professional organizations or people who have a shared concern about a set of issues such as the health of the population. Also a formal statement ...
covenant

covenant  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(Old French covenant, agreement, from covenir, to agree or meet, from Latin convenire, to come together)(1) A formal undertaking, agreement or promise made in a deed (contract under seal).[...]
David Adrian Lloyd Thomas

David Adrian Lloyd Thomas  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1932–)David Lloyd Thomas was born in Australia. He was educated at Box Hill High School and Melbourne High School before reading philosophy at Melbourne University. After holding temporary posts ...
Foundations of State

Foundations of State  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The state began to develop as the principal unit of European political organization in the sixteenth century, before which time the configuration of political power and authority was far more ...
Francis Stewart McNeilly

Francis Stewart McNeilly  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1926–86)Francis Stewart McNeilly was born in Glasgow on 12 December 1926 and died in Fife. He was educated at Paisley Grammar School and the University of Glasgow, where he ...
freedom

freedom  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Freedom ride in the US, an organized ride in buses or other public transport as a demonstration against racial segregation; the term was used particularly in the context of civil rights ...
Henry Maine

Henry Maine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1822 –1888)One of the major figures of nineteenth-century anthropology and an innovator in comparative legal history. His classic study, Ancient Law: Its Connection with the Early History of ...
Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1712–78),French philosopher: stays in London (Chiswick) 1765–6, Wootton (Staffordshire) 1766; visits Ellastone 1766; said to have stayed in Nuneham Courtenay 1767. La Nouvelle Héloïse 1761, ...
Jeremy Bentham

Jeremy Bentham  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1748–1832)English philosopher of law, language, and ethics. Born in London, Bentham was educated at Oxford, and studied law, for which he developed a profound mistrust. His major preoccupation ...
John Kemp

John Kemp  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1920–)John Kemp was born in Kent on 6 February 1920 and educated at Simon Langton Grammar School, Canterbury. In 1938 he was admitted to University College, Oxford to read ...
John Locke

John Locke  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1632–1704)English philosopher. Locke was born in Wrington, Somerset and educated at Oxford, where he seemed destined for a career in medicine. In 1666 he met Anthony Ashley-Cooper, later the 1st ...
John Wiedhofft Gough

John Wiedhofft Gough  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1900–76)J. W. Gough was born in Cardiff on 23 February 1900 and died in Truro in early 1976. The son of John Gough and Ann Wiedhofft, he was an ...
John Witherspoon

John Witherspoon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1723–94)John Witherspoon was born in Gifford, Scotland on 5 February 1723 and died in Princeton, New Jersey on 14 November 1794. He was educated at the Haddington Grammar School ...
legitimacy

legitimacy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The acceptability or appropriateness of a ruler or political regime to its members. Legitimacy is one of the central problems of politics and can be seen as the mirror image ...

View: