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Arapaho

Arapaho  

An Uto‐Aztecan‐speaking Native American tribe of the Great Plains and prairies of eastern North Dakota and western Minnesota. In 1870 with the founding of the Arapaho Agency most settled on a ...
Assiniboine Indian Creation

Assiniboine Indian Creation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
This Native American earth‐diver creation is dominated by the sometimes trickster creator, Inktonmi, or Inktome or Inktomi, who is often thought of as a spider among other Plains Indians (see ...
Battle of Wounded Knee

Battle of Wounded Knee  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The last major confrontation (1890) between the US Army and American Indians, at the village of Wounded Knee on a reservation in South Dakota. More than 300 largely unarmed Sioux men, women, and ...
Bozeman Trail

Bozeman Trail  

A gold-rush trail created in 1862 by U.S. explorer John Bozeman, extending approximately 400 miles (644 km) from Laramie, Wyoming, to Bannack, Montana. The trail cut through the Powder River ...
Coyote

Coyote  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Coyote—sometimes called Old Man—is one of the prevalent forms of the trickster figure among Native Americans. He is often the assisting agent by whom the supreme deity creates the world. ...
Crazy Horse

Crazy Horse  

(c. 1849–77)Sioux chief. In 1876 he led a successful rearguard action of Sioux and Cheyenne warriors against invading US army forces in Montana. Shortly afterwards he and his men joined Sitting Bull ...
Eugene Asa Carr

Eugene Asa Carr  

(1830–1910) Union army officer, born in Concord, Erie County, New York. A decorated Civil War general, Carr was ranked among the army's most effective American-Indian fighters. He campaigned against ...
Female Mediator in Creation

Female Mediator in Creation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The motif of a female assistant to the creator is common, especially among Native Americans (see also Arikara Creation; Pawnee Creation; Sioux Creation). Whether she be Corn Mother (Arikaran), White ...
Fort Laramie Treaty

Fort Laramie Treaty  

A treaty made between the U.S. government and the Sioux in 1868, after Sioux tribes led by Oglala Chief Red Cloud stopped U.S. construction of the Bozeman Trail between Fort ...
George Armstrong Custer

George Armstrong Custer  

(1839–76)US cavalry general. He served with distinction in the American Civil War but led his men to their deaths in a clash (popularly known as Custer's Last Stand) with the Sioux at Little Bighorn ...
Grattan Massacre

Grattan Massacre  

A confrontation in 1854 between settlers at Fort Laramie, Wyoming, and indigenous Sioux. The Sioux killed and ate a cow that had escaped from a wagon train and wandered into ...
Great Sioux War

Great Sioux War  

(1876) one of the Plains Indians Wars between the United States and the Sioux. It grew out of a dispute about rights to gold in the Black Hills of South ...
Inktomi

Inktomi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Inktomi (Spider), sometimes Iktome or Inktonmi, is a popular Indian trickster figure (see also Assiniboine; Sioux Creations). He is seen usually as a small, wiry man in tight leggings and ...
Little Bighorn, Battle of

Little Bighorn, Battle of  

(25 June 1876)Scene of General Custer's last stand in Montana when he and 266 men of the 7th Cavalry met their deaths at the hands of larger forces of Sioux. The battle was the final move in a ...
Native North American languages

Native North American languages  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Any of more than 100 languages spoken in n and Central America by descendants of the various indigenous peoples. The languages fall into many different families. In the USA and ...
Plains Indians

Plains Indians  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
General term applied to the many tribes that lived in the Plains and Prairie regions. Their more or less homogeneous culture was based economically on the hunting of bison, although some of the ...
Sitting Bull

Sitting Bull  

(c. 1831–90)Sioux chief. As the main chief of the Sioux peoples from about 1867, he resisted the US government order of 1875 forcibly resettling the Sioux on reservations; when the US army opened ...
Spiders in Creation

Spiders in Creation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Spiders, as spinners (spinsters) or weavers—that is, natural creators—are popular in creation myths, especially those of the American Southwest (see also Hopi Creation; Krachi Creation; Lakota Sioux ...
Trickster

Trickster  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(term introduced by D. G. Brinton, Myths of the New World, 1868).A hero, and also anti-hero, in many religions and cultures. Although the Trickster was identified particularly in the ...
Wyoming

Wyoming  

Despite being the tenth largest state, Wyoming has the smallest total population in the United States at just over 500,000 residents. Among these residents are several different minority groups, the ...

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