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Upton Sinclair

(1878—1968) American novelist and social reformer

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adulteration

adulteration  

The addition of substances to foods etc. in order to increase the bulk and reduce the cost, with intent to defraud the purchaser. Common adulterants are starch in spices, water in milk and beer, etc. ...
Boston

Boston  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Novel by Upton Sinclair, published in 1928.The story of Sacco and Vanzetti is told through the experiences of Cornelia Thornwall, who, at age 60 after the death of her ...
Brass Check

Brass Check  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Tract on contemporary journalism by Upton Sinclair, published in 1920. The first half treats his experiences with the press, denouncing newspapers and news agencies as saboteurs of democracy, and ...
Butchering

Butchering  

The word “butcher,” from the French boucher, dating back to the thirteenth century, is synonymous with slaughtering and meatpacking. Butchering entails dismembering animals and fowl and salvaging ...
Floyd Dell

Floyd Dell  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1887–1969) American novelistMoon-Calf (1920) FictionThe Briary-Bush (1921) FictionJanet March (1923) FictionRunaway (1925) FictionAn Old Man's Folly (1926) FictionAn Unmarried Father (1927) ...
Gustavus Franklin Swift

Gustavus Franklin Swift  

Gustavus Franklin Swift (1839–1903) was the eponymous founder of one of America's largest and best-known meat-processing companies. He is credited with introducing refrigeration to food ...
health foods

health foods  

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Overview Page
Foods and supplements promoted as being beneficial to health, although there is often little or no evidence to support the claims. They include vegetable foods and wholegrain cereals (for which there ...
Helicon Home Colony

Helicon Home Colony  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Communal experiment founded at Englewood, N.J. (1906), by Upton Sinclair and some 40 associates, mostly young married writers. The mothers cooperated in the care of their children, and the household ...
Jungle

Jungle  

Novel by Upton Sinclair, published in 1906. This exposé of the Chicago meat-packing industry prompted the investigation by Roosevelt and the federal government that culminated in the pure-food ...
King Coal

King Coal  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Novel by Upton Sinclair, published in 1917. It is based on “sworn testimony, taken under government supervision,” during an investigation of the Colorado coal-mining industry following the strike of ...
Lincoln Steffens

Lincoln Steffens  

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Subject:
Literature
(1866–1936),born in San Francisco, graduated from the University of California (1889), studied abroad, and entered New York journalism (1892). He is best known for his leadership of the muckraking ...
meat

meat  

Generally refers to the muscle tissue of animals or birds, other parts being termed offal, organ meat, or variety meat. 150‐g portions of meat of all types are rich sources of protein and niacin; ...
Meatpacking Industry

Meatpacking Industry  

At the start of the twentieth century, most U.S. meatpacking workers came from Eastern Europe, like the Lithuanians in Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle (1906). By World War II companies ...
muckrakers

muckrakers  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Term coined by US president Theodore Roosevelt in 1906 to describe American writers attempting to expose abuses in commerce and politics. One of the most famous muckrakers was Upton Sinclair.[...]
Oil!

Oil!  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Novel by Upton Sinclair, published in 1927, based on the oil scandals of the Harding administration, especially the Teapot Dome affair.
Progressive Era

Progressive Era  

Many black women made formidable advancements in their education, professional lives, and leadership roles during the Progressive Era. At the same time, black women experienced what has been referred ...
Proletarian Literature

Proletarian Literature  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Name applied to the school of writing that contends that experience is primarily conditioned by the social, economic, and political environment and that the author is able to understand this ...
Pure Food and Drug Act

Pure Food and Drug Act  

The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 marked the beginning of effective U.S. federal regulation of food and drug labeling and assurance of a safe food supply. It prohibited ...
Sinclair Lewis

Sinclair Lewis  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1885–1951)US novelist and the first American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature (1930).Lewis was born in Sauk Centre, Minnesota, and completed his education at Yale, where he first began to ...
vegetarianism

vegetarianism  

The conscious avoidance of eating animal flesh, frequently extended to fish, and sometimes to animal products. In the East, it is most closely associated with Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist traditions: ...

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